REPORT OF THE UNITED STATES PHILIPPINE COMMISSION
TO THE SECRETARY OF WAR FOR THE PERIOD FROM DECEMBER 1,
1900, TO OCTOBER 15, 1901.
PUBLISHED BY THE DIVISION OF INSULAR AFFAIRS.
WAR DEPARTMENT DECEMBER, 1901 PART 2
UNITED STATES PHILIPPINE COMMISSION
MINUTES OF PROCEEDINGS
LUCENA, PROVINCE OF TAYABAS,
Tuesday, March 12, 1901
Senor Safio Alandy, of Tayabas, referred to the difficulty of communicating with Marinduque at certain
seasons of the year, but did not think the people of Tayabas would have any objections to including
Marinduque (as part of Tayabas province) as the people of both places were practically the same.
Senor Gervasio Unson, of Lucena saw no objection to including Marinduque with the province of Tayabas.
He estimated the population of Marinduque at 35,000, and that of Tayabas at 135,000
Senor Narciso Lopez, of Tayabas, thought that with the incorporation of Marinduque and the return to
normal times the resources of Tayabas would be as great as those of Pangasinan. As to including
Marinduque, he believed that if the people of Marinduque were willing there could be no objection on the
part of TaYabas. He was told that the Commission expected to consult with the people of Marinduque
before passing upon the question.
Senor Eulalio Glinoga, of Pitogo, believed Marinduque would fare better with Tayabas then Mindoro.
UNITED STATES PHILIPPINE COMMISSION.
MINUTE OF PROCEEDINGS.
BOAC, ISLAND OF MARINDUQUE,
Friday, March, 15, 1901.
Present: Commissioners Worcester, Wright, Ide, Moses, and the President. (Taft)
The session was called to order by the president at 9.30 a. m. and the secretary directed to call the roll of
the pueblos. The following representatives were present:
Pueblo de Boac:
Local president and member of the Federal party - Tomas del Mundo.
Members of Federal party -------------------------------- Francisco Nieva.
Ramon M. Leuterio.
Residents ----------------------------------------------------- Narciso Alino.
Pueblo de Gasan:
Local President --------------------------------------------- Mariano Rodriguez
Residents ---------------------------------------------------- Pedro Sevilla
Felipe de Leon.
Francisco de Jesus.
Jose de Leon.
Pueblo de Torrijos:
Residents ---------------------------------------------------- Evaristo Manija
Solmirano Maximo Andina
Pueblo de Santa Cruz:
Residents ---------------------------------------------------- Mariano Roman
Lorenzo V. Cruz
Pueblo de Mogpog:
Residents --------------------------------------------------- Vincente Nepomuceno .
Daniel Los Banos.
Ramon M. Coll.
At an informal gathering of the people on last evening the president had stated to them the object of the
commission's visit, i.e., to consult with the people of Marinduque as to what form of government should be
given the island. It was stated to them that while in Tayabas the question of annexing it to that province had
been considered, as also of allowing it to remain, as formerly, a part of the province of Mindoro. The
president stated, however, that the Commission was also open to the suggestion of forming the island into
a separate province, provided it could be assured that the will of the people, as well as the resources of the
island, warranted such action.
Following the roll call a petition was presented to the commission, signed by the representatives of the
different pueblos, asking that the island of Marinduque be not annexed to Tayabas or Mindoro, but that it
be erected into a separate government. The petition stated, first, that the island of Marinduque had 50,000
inhabitants, divided as follows: Boac, 15,000; Mogpog, 7,000; Santa Cruz, 16,000; Gasan, 8,000, and
Torrijos, 6,000; second, that the island had a circumference of 52 leagues and could be circumnavigated
by a steam launch in twelve hours; third, that the principal products of the island were hemp, which was
produced in large quantities and was known in the markets as one of the best grades In the archipelago;
rice, which was produced in larger quantities than sufficed for the needs of the people, and horned cattle,
though this latter had suffered greatly by reason of the war; fourth, that when the island enjoyed the benefits
of peace it could easily count on a revenue of 50,000 pesos a year, with which it could support a
government; fifth, that for the present the government established might be of the very lowest class until its
resources justified its advance, that in the beginning a certain sum might be advanced to it from the
general treasury, to be returned later by the province. They also urged that no one so well as those who
belonged to the soil could administer its affairs and foster its political and material well-being, counting as
they always could upon the favorable and indispensable assistance of
the great-American nation, whose sovereignty they recognized and
accepted with every conviction.
After the reading of the petition, the president addressed the convention
in substance, as follows:
That the Commission was now engaged in organizing municipal and provincial governments throughout
the Islands, wherever conditions seem to justify such action; that in Pampanga. the first province organized,
all the towns, some twenty-four In number, were organized under General Order No. 40, before the
establishment of provincial government; that in Pangasinan, Tarlac, Bulacan, and Bataan some of the
towns were found organized under General Order No. 40, and others under No. 43. In Tayabas, which the
Commission had just organized, some towns were still unorganized, though the majority were working
under the two orders mentioned. It was stated that while the readiness of a province was not shown by the
number of towns organized, such fact was, nevertheless, some measure of the readiness of the province
for civil government. It was thought that in order to prepare Marinduque for civil government there ought to
be a complete organization under the municipal code of the five important towns of the island.
The president called attention to the fact that there were still disturbances
in parts of the island, disturbances in which the prosperity, the peace, the happiness, and the aspirations of
35,000to 50,000people were dependent upon the obstinacy of some 250 to 300 people. The Commission
was anxious that by the organization of their towns the people be given an opportunity to protect
themselves against the injury of this small minority.
The president stated that no matter how beneficent and no matter how kindly a military form of government,
or the good intentions of those who administer it, it was nevertheless military, with all the abruptness and
severity which that form of government requires; that the people would never appreciate the advantages of
American sovereignty or the advantage of association with a free people like the Americans until they had
an opportunity to enjoy the civil government which the Commission was as anxious to give them as they
were to receive.
Referring to the petition asking for separate provincial government, the president stated that while the
Commission sympathized with the sentiment of the people, they must remember that a government was
a practical business matter. They would have to ask themselves whether they were willing to make the
sacrifices necessary to support the expense of a separate government; whether the money which they
would spend for provincial officers could not be better expended in public roads, bridges, harbors, etc.;
that the Commission was here to do what was thought best for them, and that what was best for them
would be what they decided was best after discussing the matter and reaching a calm and deliberate
judgment. They were urged not to take the step without a full consideration of all the consequences. The
following courses were suggested to them: Permanent annexation to Tayabas, or a temporary annexation
until its towns were organized. When this had been done, if the Commission found that the conditions
warranted it and the people were still of the mind to have a separate government, then it might be
organized. The Commission dId not come with sufficient local knowledge of the situation, however, to give
them a separate government at this time. The other alternative of being annexed to Mindoro was also
presented and an expression upon these points invited from the representatives present.
Senor Eduardo Nepomuceno,of Boac,asked what would be the status of the island pending the
organization of the municipalities, and was told that unless the island was annexed to Tayabas it would
continue, as at present, subject to military rule. The process by which the pueblos would be organized
under sections 93 and 95 of the Municipal Code was pointed out to him. The speaker stated that if the only
object of temporarily annexing Marinduque to Tayabas was to secure supervision of the municipal
organization, he thought this could he done more in harmony with the desire of the people by selecting
some one in the island to do the work; in other words, that the people would prefer postponing the
establishment of a civil government until they could have a separate government. Being asked as to the
forms of taxation under the Spanish regime and the amounts collected, he stated that there were three
taxes-the cedula, industrial, and urbana. From cedulas alone the town of Boac paid 13,OOO, and this from
those who paid what was known as the "ninth class" The other classes paid to the treasurer in Mindoro.
He stated that there were records of land titles in Spanish times, but didn't know whether they had been
destroyed or not. They were kept in Mindoro. He stated that the lands in the island were owned by many
people, and thought the question of determining ownership for taxation purposes would not be difficult. He
stated that the entire island was included within the boundaries of the five pueblos, the lines of which were
Senor Marcelo Marafuente, of Boac, asked how the committees of organization for the pueblos were
composed, and the matter was explained to him by the president. He thought it would be better to have an
American as chaIrman of the committees.
He stated in answer to an inquiry that it would cost about 300,000 pesos to construct a good wharf at
Boac. He thought there was trade enough in Marinduque to justify building such a wharf. He said most of
the hemp was shIpped from Boac.
Senor Mariano Rodriques, presidente of Gasan, expressed it as the unanimous sentiment of his town that
Marinduque be given a separate organization; that if annexed to another province it would create a great
embarrassment in their business and in the administration of their laws, as a person arrested for crime, or
who had litigation, would be compelled to journey to Tayabas or Mindoro, which would be very expensive
and inconvenient. As between Tayabas and Mindoro, he thought Tayabas preferable. He stated that there
were no provincial buildings in Boac. He thought Boac, however, the best place for the capital. He stated
that during three months there were occassions when steamers found anchorage difficult in Boac Harbor.
Being asked whether his town, if organized, could maintain order and take care of any insurgents or
ladrones, he thought it could, provided the people were furnished arms; otherwise no. He thought a police
force could be raised which could be trusted.
Sr. Tomas del Mundo, presidente of Boac, stated that he could guarantee for his town the preservation of
order, provided the town was furnished with the proper arms. Sr. Calixto Nieva, of Boac, thought it would
be necessary to retain the American troops until peace was perfectly restored. He was assured that there
was no intention of withdrawing them.
Sr. Mateo Puertollano, of Santa Cruz, did not want Marinduque annexed to Tayabas, certainly no longer
than might be necessary to establish municipal governments. He thought the island could pay the
expenses of a separate government. He also stated that a police force in Santa Cruz could protect the
town, provided there was a reserve of American troops. He did not think there was any danger of their
deserting. He thought Santa Cruz was more of a commercial center than Boac, both by reason of its
location and better harbor. He was willing, however, that Boac should be the capital.
The question of public schools was then discussed, and the representatives were unanimous in their
desire for English teachers and new school buildings.
Sr. Vicente Nepomuceno, presidente of Mogpog, stated that his town, if furnished with arms, could take
care of itself. Being asked as to whether natives could be enlisted in the United States Army, he thought
they could until peace was restored, but that they would then want to return to civil life. He did not want the
island annexed to Tayabas.
Sr. Evaristo Manija, presidente of Torrijos, thought the capital should be at Boac. He also agreed with the
other speakers as to the competency of a police force to protect his town if properly armed. After a short
conference with the members of the Commission, the president announced that the Commission had been
much edified by the discussion and by the information gained as to the wishes of the people. That
complying with the desires of the people not to be annexed to Tayabas or Mindoro, the Commission would
appoint Captain Bandholtz as chairman of the organization committees for the five pueblos under the
municipal code, and that it hoped the organization of those towns would be effected by the time the
Commission returned from the south on or about May 1; that if the Commission then found that the towns
had been organized, and peaceful conditions had been restored throughout the island and the people had
in this way proven themselves worthy of a provincial government, such separate government would be
organized in the island of Marinduque.
After an address by Sr. Arellano, president of the supreme court, and an expression of thanks to the
people for their hospitality and attention, the session was declared adjourned.
Attest: A. W. FERGUSSON, Secretary
UNITED STATES PHILIPPINE COMMISSION.
MINUTES OF PROCEEDINGS.
BOAC, ISLAND OF MARINDUQUE, May 1,1901.
Present: Commissioners Worcester, Ide, Moses, and the president.
The session was called to order by the president at 10.15 a. m. The delegates present were practically the
same as those who met with the Commission on March 13. In addition, however, there were Colonel Abad
and some of his followers, who had surrendered in the interim. The president expressed the pleasure
experienced by the Commission in coming again to Boac and in learning that the people of Marinduque
had complied with their part of the contract entered into with the Commission on its former visit. Peace
having been restored, the Commission was with them now to meet its part of the agreement and establish
civil provincial government.
The discussion concerning the possible annexation of Marinduque to Tayabas, had on the previous visit of
the Commission, was recalled, as also the fact that the people had unanimously voted down the
proposition and the Commission had yielded to their wishes. The president stated that while it was then
decided that the province was perhaps able to support a government of its own, economically
administered, the question of salaries had not been settled, and an expression of opinion was invited from
the delegates upon the subject.
Senor Ricardo Paras, of Boac, asked that he be permitted, before entering upon a general discussion, to
state as expressive of the sentiments of the people of Marinduque that if the Commission experienced
pleasure in being with them again, in compliance with its promise, the people of the various pueblos
experienced greater pleasure in having the Commission and its party with them a second time. He
congratulated the Commission upon its successful tour through the southern islands, and thanked it for its
promise to implant civil government in the island of Marinduque.
Senor Eduardo Nepomuceno, presidente of Boac, thought the islands of Banton, Maestro de Campo and
Simara, annexed to Romblon, were more convenient to Marinduque, and might properly form a part of it.
He also asked that the pueblos of the Island of Mindoro, facing to the east, be annexed to Marinduque. He
was told that Mindoro was not yet occupied by American troops and action upon his suggestion could not
be taken at this time. It developed that there were various small islands adjacent to Marinduque which
could be included in the province. As to salaries, the speaker suggested the following: Governor, $600;
secretary, $500; treasurer, $700; supervisor, $600; and fiscal, $600, all in gold. He thought these were in
keeping with the limited resources of the province. He suggested $1 per day as an allowance for traveling
expenses, and thought Boac should remain the capital. Being asked whether he thought officials could
travel about the island for $1a day, he said they could. Referring to the Provincial Act, the speaker said
that while the province was authorized to use a corporate seal, no form of seal was prescribed. He was
told that in the absence of such provision the provincial board could decide on a seal. He called attention
further to the fact that no insignia of office was provided for provincial officers while such an insignia was
provided for municipal officers. Personally, he did not believe such Insignia was necessary, but as they
were authorized for municipal officers he thought some provision should be made for provincial officers.
He suggested the governor might wear some sort of badge. He asked whether the salaries of provincial
officers fixed by the Commission were permanent. He was told that the salaries now fixed were necessarily
tentative owing to the lack of information as to the resources of the province; that there was nothing to
prevent their being changed subsequently.
Some discussion was then had of the expense to be borne by the provincial treasury. It was pointed out
that as to roads and bridges in the province an understanding would have to be had between the
supervisor and the towns to determine the territory to be covered by the province and the territory to be
covered by the towns. The speaker asked as to the jurisdiction of the military authorities in Marinduque
after the establishment of civil government. He was told that upon the establishment of civil government and
civil courts martial law would cease. It was explained, however, that where a state of war has existed it
could hardly be expected that conditions would immediately adjust themselves. For the purpose of
assisting civil authorities in maintaining peace and order it would be the policy of the Government to
maintain military forces at various places In the Islands. Arbitrary arrest, however, would cease with the
organization of civil government. With civil government everyone who is arrested will have the right to be
informed as to the cause of his arrest and to have an investigation at once as to the probability of his guilt
or innocence. The provincial governor was charged with the duty of maintaining order in the province. If he
found himself unable to do so with the ordinary peace police, then he was authorized to call upon the
military commander to assist him. When the military forces move, however, such forces are subject entirely
to the military commander.
A discussion was then had as to the sources of income of the province, pending the application of the land
tax. The speaker was asked how the people would regard the application of a cedula tax, it being
explained to him that the proceeds of such tax would go toward paving the expenses of the towns and
province. The speaker thought that if a cedula or personal tax was levied as a temporary measure until the
land tax became effective, then the people would not object to it. He suggested, however, that it might he
better for the insular treasury to meet from month to month any deficit that might exist in the province. This
to be repaid later by the province. It was explained to him that it was not the purpose of the Commission
to place any of the burdens of the central government upon the province or the municipalities; this being so,
it was thought the central treasury should not be called upon to bear any of the burdens of the province or
the towns. In urgent cases, however, assistance would no doubt be rendered. Being asked the daily
wage in Marinduque, the speaker said it was 50 cents. Being asked whether he did not think it would be
fair for each laborer to contribute the wage of two or three days to the support of the government which
protected him, he replied that he thought it would be fair. The speaker, referring to the last clause of
sectIon 19 of the Provincial Act, asked how the judge of first instance was to be punished for a criminal
act. It was pointed out that the judge was not a provincial officer; that he could be removed by the
Commission and prosecuted in the courts for any criminal conduct. The section was inserted for the
purpose of having it distinctly understood that every person, no matter what his position or standing in the
community, was entitled to no privileges, but was to be tried in the same court and in the same manner as
other offenders. Being asked whether it would be possible for Marinduque to unite with some other
province in the use of a fiscal, the speaker thought the fiscal of Tayabas might also act in Marinduque.
Senor Ricardo Paras stated that he did not agree with the last speaker on the proposition of the fiscal. He
believed one of the chief reasons why Marinduque desired separate government was that it did not want to
go elsewhere seeking justice; they wanted their own officers at hand. He was told the only reason for the
suggestion was to save expense. The speaker thought a fiscal could be had at the salary suggested,
$600 gold, and they desired to avoid the delays and inconvenience incident to communication with another
Sefior Ruperto Mirafuente raised the question of establishing in Marindugue some sort of bank. He said
the people had land, but no money with which to cultivate it. The powers and limitations of the Commission
in this regard were explained by the president, who said that the Commission would make strong
recommendations in its next report concerning the necessity for the Incorporation of banks to loan money
at reasonable rates, for it had been surprised at the outrageous rates of interest which now prevailed in the
archipelago. To secure low rates of interest it was necessary to have settled conditionds, security of land
titles, and courts in which to enforce claims. It hoped to furnish these things to the Philippine Islands in the
very near future. The speaker stated that the cattle disease or locust pest had not yet visited Marinduque,
though a great many cattle had been taken by the insurrectos and by ladrones.
Senor Mariano Rodriguez agreed with the previous speaker as to the desirability of Marinduque having an
independent fiscal and not being made dependent upon Tayabas. He also favored the levying of a cedula
tax, even if only temporarily. He agreed that it would be equitable to continue the cedula tax as to those
who did not pay a land tax. Referring to the damages caused by war, the speaker asked that the forestry
tax be raised until the people could reconstruct their houses. The existing forestry regulations were
explained to him, by which any person unable to buy timber can secure it free upon certificate by the
presidente of the town.
The session then adjourned until 2.30 p. m.
BOAC, May 1, 1901.
The session was called to order by the president at 2.30 p. m., and the following amendments offered to
the special bill organizing the province of Marinduque:
Add to title of act word" Marinduque."
Insert in section 1, after the words "island of," the words" Marinduque
and small islands immediately adjacent to be," and after the words" 'Province of" the word " Marinduque."
Insert In section 2, after the words "province of," the word "Marinduque,"
and insert as salaries following: Governor, $1,000; secretary,
$800; treasurer, $1,500; supervisor, $1,300; fiscal, $800.
Insert for traveling expenses, $1 per day.
Insert as bond of treasurer, $7,000.
Insert as capital of province, town of Boac.
Insert as section 6 following:
SEC. 6. The oath of office may be administered to provincial officers by a member of the Commission, by
the provincial governor, by a judicial officer having jurisdiction in the province, or by any officer of the United
States Army stationed in the province.
Number present section 6 "Sec. 7."
Referring to the salaries, the president stated that the commission felt those suggested by the speakers
were too small. While it was not the policy of the Commission to pay excessive salaries, it wanted to pay
salaries which would enable the persons receiving them to live, and not be dependent upon perquisites. It
was pointed out that the salaries fixed by the commission aggregated $400 less than those paid in
Romblon, while it was believed that Marinduque was better able to support a provincial government than
The amendments proposed were adopted, and the roll called upon the passage of the bill as amended.
The bill was unanimously passed.
The president then announced the following-named persons as the appointees of the commission to the
various provincial offices: Ricardo Paras, governor; Eduardo Nepomuceno, secretary; Francisco
It was explained that the Commission was not able at this time to name the provincial treasurer and
The president stated that a petition had been received, numerously signed, suggesting the appointment of
an American as governor. It was found, however, on an examination of the presidentes, that their chief
reason for wishing an American officer was that he would be familiar with the American form of
government and could better initiate the new regime. It has been the policy of the Commission to appoint
a native as governor wherever the circumstances justified such action. In the opinion of the Commission, it
was much more important to have the treasurer an American than the governor, for with the treasurer rests
the inauguration of a tax system entirely new to the Islands. The presence of an American treasurer would
enable the Filipino officers to receive suggestions as to doubtful points when desired.
The oath of office was then administered to Senor Paras and Senor Nepomuceno.
Senor Nepomuceno then delivered an address to the Commission, thanking it for having established civil
government in Marinduque, and speaking in high terms of the work being accomplished looking to the
political and material regeneration of the Islands. He spoke of the struggle of the Filipino people to
achieve their political rights and rejoiced that their destinies were now linked with the greatest and freest
nation the world had ever known. He thanked the commission and the American people for the benefits
already received by his people, which he realized were but the promise of those to be bestowed when his
country should have realized the true end and purpose and history of the American people.
The president (Taft) responded as follows:
As we came into the harbor of Boac this morning it was remarked by the members of the Commission and
party that we felt we were coming home; that we were coming among friends we had known before; and as
we came into this spacious building again and sat here in conference with the leading citizens of
Marinduque we were delighted to find added to their number the gallant Colonel Abad and his brave chief
of staff, who, with their foIlowers, have reached the conclusion that it is better to seek individual and
political liberty under the Government of the United States. Allusion was made by the gentleman who has
so eloquently addressed the Commission to the great Filipino patriot, Rizal, and his love of liberty. We
believe, and I hope believe justly, that under the sovereignty of the United States the Filipino people can
acquire all those liberties which Rizal prized. I am reminded by one of my colleagues, and I desire to
remind you, that today three years ago was fought the battle of Manila Bay. How pregnant with fate was
that victory, both for the Filipino people and the United States. Civil liberty a government can offer to a
people but whether such liberty results in bringing happiness and prosperity must depend upon the people
themselves. The government can offer public schools and education to the people, but the people must
turn that education to the betterment and improvement of their own condition. You must watch your officers,
you must have in mind the public weal, you must insist that your officials serve only the public good and not
their personal gain. Without making invidious comparisons, the truth of history must be stated, that in the
three hundred years of civilized rule in these Islands the standard of public honesty has not been
maintained as it should have been. I do not claim for the Americans absolute honesty. That we have
dishonest men among us and dishonest public officials goes without saying, but I do say that the standard
of official honesty which we hope to introduce here is high, and that being introduced here it means the
beginning of a prosperous and happy government. When you find a public official, whether he be an
American or a FilIpino, who is false to his trust and is lining his pockets with the money of the people, know
that he is a worse criminal than the man who steals your cattle and enters your house and steals your
goods. Pursue him as you would a criminal and put him behind the prison bars, where he belongs. Let no
good nature growing out of the traditions of a former government prevent you from regarding this crime as
it should be regarded. If you find dishonesty in an American official, know that the Americans who are
responsible for this government would rather put a dishonest American in prison than a Filipino or a man of
any other race. In conclusion, I wish to express again the great pleasure the Commission has experienced
in making these two visits to Boac coming first when there was war in your island, coming now when there
is peace; coming then when we had enemies in the mountains, coming now when we find those former
enemies our friends.
The president then introduced Dr. Tavera, president of the Federal party, who delivered a stirring address
to the audience, urging them to remember the words of the president of the Commission and to prove
themselves worthy of the confidence reposed in them. He pointed out the great stumbling block to popular
government in these Islands, that of making politics a personal rather than a public matter, calling upon
them to sink their personal ambitions and jealousies in that of the general good.
The session then adjourned.
A. W. FERGUSSON, Secretary
REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF PUBLIC HEALTH TO THE SECRETARY OF THE
INTERIOR FOR THE PERIOD FROM AUGUST 7, 1901, TO OCTOBER 10, 1901.
OFFICE OF THE BOARD OF HEALTH FOR THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS AND CITY OF MANILA
Manila, P. I, October 10,1901.
THE SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR,
United States Philippine Commission
RINDERPEST AND THE LOCUST PLAGUE.
Communications have been received from a large number of the provinces in regard to rinderpest and the
locust plague, and it is found that this disease and pest have been almost universal. Rinderpest has been
prevalent in the archipelago for a number of years, I understand, and at present the vast majority of
carabao in certain sections have died from this disease. At present few cases exist within the
archipelago, as far as I can learn. At the request of governors of certain of the provinces, experts have
been sent for the purpose of controlling endemics of this disease and for the instruction of natives in the
methods of making post-mortems and the inoculations of gall for the treatment of the disease and the
immunization of animals. This work has been done in Marinduque, Cabu, Iloilo, Tayabas, Batangas and
several northern provinces. Besides these agents who have been sent to the provinces, a circular letter
has been issued with instructions in regard to the treatment and character of the disease. Fungus for the
destruction of locusts has also been sent to a number of the provinces, and also experts for its use and
operation. So far few satisfactory results have been obtained, and it is believed that the fungus has not
been altogether of the character desired. Request has been made on the Secretary of Agriculture,
Washington, D. C. and the board of health, Natal, South Africa, for samples of fungus used in these
respective countries for the destruction of locusts.
REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF THE PHILIPPINES CONSTABULARY TO THE SECRETARY OF
COMMERCE AND POLICE, FOR THE PERIOD FROM JULY 18, 1901, TO OCTOBER 4,1901.
HEADQUARTERS PHILIPPINES CONSTABULARY,
Manila, P. I., October 4, 1901.
Enlisted strength and distribution.
Provinces Total Number Distribution by Posts
enlisted fit for field
Marinduque 2 2 -
REPORT OF THE AUDITOR TO THE SECRETARY OF FINANCE AND JUSTICE. DEPARTMENT
OF FINANCE AND JUSTICE, OFFICE OF THE AUDITOR,
Manila, P. I. October 7 1901.
LOANS TO PROVINCES.
The Philippine Commission by act No. 134, passed Mar 22, 1901, authorized loans of $2,500, United
States currency, without Interest, to each province then or thereafter organized, the said loan to he repaid
on or before December 31, 1902. At the close of the fiscal year the following organized provinces had
taken advantage of the provisions of this act:
June 27. Marinduque (warrant No. 269) ----------------------------- 2,500
Station of teachers, by provinces and towns, October 1, 1901
Gasan ------------------------------ 2
Boac ------------------------------ 3
Population, by provinces, according to five reliable reports.
Province 1818 1840 1850 1870 1887
Mindoro 18,796 26,727 35,136 55,083 (a) 67,656
(a) Includes Marinduque and Lunang
TABLE No. lA.-Population by sex and total for each pueblo reporting.
Pueblo. Males. Females. Total.
Boac 7,129 7,661 14,790
Gasan 3,613 3,315 6,928
Mogpog 3,035 3,584 6,619
Santa Cruz de Napo 7,843 8,263 16,106
Torrijos 1,708 1,840 3,548
TABLE No. 2.-A comparison of the population of each pueblo reporting in 1896, with the
population of the same pueblo in 1887
1896 1887 Gain Loss
Boac 14,790 13,392 1,398
Gasan 6,928 5,542 1,486
Mogpog 6,619 5,149 1,470
Santa Cruz de Napo 16,106 15,429 677
Torrijos 3,548 2,874 674