Of all the early documents listed in this web site,
this one contains more detailed information of the
U.S. Army's activities on Marinduque then the rest.

The time period covered is October through
December 1900 and includes the famous battle of
Pulang Lupa.  Also presented here are sketches
of operations on the island, many of them seen for
the first time.   
Manila, P. I., June 6, 1901.
Division of the Philippines, Manila, P. I.

In the many engagements fought there were only two
reverses worthy of note to our arms. On September 13,
1900, Captain Shields, with a detachment of 51 men, F
Company, Twenty-ninth Infantry, U. S. V., 1 Hospital
Corps man, and 1 negro civilian, landed from the U. S.
S. Villalobos at Torrijos, Marinduque and attempted to
march to Santa Cruz. They were attacked a short
distance from Torrijos, the engagement lasting several
hours, and after suffering a loss of 4 of his party killed
and 5 wounded, himself included among the latter,
Captain Shields surrendered the 48 men who were then
with him. The insurgent force was estimated at 2,250, of
which 250 were riflemen, the rest being armed with
bolos. The result of this affair, not withstanding the
numerical odds against them, was not creditable to our
arms, and was due mainly to the demoralization of the
company, for the first time under fire, when their leader
was shot down.
1. Report of Capt. Devereux Shields, Twenty-ninth Infantry, U. S. V.;  engagement on the island
of                      Marinduque, September 13,1900 .
1a. Report of Lieut. Horace M. Reeve, Third Infantry, aid-de-camp.
9. Report of Col . A. A. Harbach, First U. S. Infantry; operations on       island of Marinduque,
October                22-26, 1900 .
9a. Subreport of Capt. Robert N. Getty, First U. S. Infantry.
9b. Subreport of Capt. George Bell, jr., First U. S. Infantry.
9c. Subreport of Lieut. George L. Byroade, First U. S. Infantry.
10. Report of Lieut. L. "V. Jordan, jr., First U. S. Infantry; operations near Santa Cruz, Marinduque, for
the           month of November, 1900
14. Report of Capt. H. H. Bandholtz, Second U. S. Infantry; operations near Boac, Marinduque, December
16. Report of Capt. H. H. Benham, Second U. S. Infantry; operations near Boac, Marinduque, December
17. Report of Capt. F. E. Lacey, jr., First U. S. Infantry; operations near Boac, Marinduque,
December                19-24, 1900.
18. Report of Lieut. L. V. Jordan, jr., First U. S. Infantry; operations near Santa Cruz,
Marinduque,                        December 19-22, 1900
21. Report of Capt. H. H. Bandholtz, Second U. S. Infantry; expedition around island of
Marinduque,                    December 27-28, 1900
22. Report of Lieut. George O. Martin, Second U. S. Infantry; operations near Boac,
Marinduque,                        December 30, 1900
FIRST RESERVE HOSPITAL, Manila, October 31, 1900.
Manila, P. I.

SIR: I have the honor, in compliance with the request of the department commander, to submit the following
report of engagement with the enemy on Marinduque Island, September 13, 1900:

On September 11, 1900, with 51 enlisted men of Company F, Twenty-ninth Infantry, and 1 private of the
Hospital Corps, U. S. A., I left my station at Santa Cruz at 12.30 p. m. on the U. S. S. Villalobos and
proceeded to Torrijos, a small town 25 miles distant, where we arrived at 3.30 p. m., disembarking without

I spent the night at Torrijos, and on the morning of September 12 made a reconnoissance some 5 or 6
miles eastward over a mountain trail. During this march we discovered a band of guerrillas, about 20
strong, at a distance of about 1,000 yards, upon whom I opened fire and advanced, but the character of the
country prevented a successful pursuit. The guerrillas did not return my fire, although all were well armed.
Shortly after this I burned their garrison and a large quantity of rice, and finding letters and other evidences
of two American soldiers the insurgents had captured in a recent engagement with Company A,
Twenty-ninth Infantry, I made an unsuccessful effort to locate them.

I then returned to Torrijos, where I remained until 2.25 a. m., September 13, at which hour I took a mountain
trail leading to Santa Cruz, with the intention of returning to my station. At 5.30 a. m., after a difficult and
trying march of three hours in the mountains, when about 141niles from Santa Cruz, my advance guard
discovered what was believed to be an insurgent outpost, upon which they fired. The enemy proved to be
lying in ambush and immediately opened up a heavy fire from a position about 300 yards above and
extending in an arc of about 180 degrees around us. Finding myself entirely surrounded and largely
outnumbered, I took the best position available until I could select a safe retreat. I held this position for
about two hours, during which time 3 privates were killed, 2 wounded slightly, and myself wounded in the
left shoulder, while 2 corporals had fallen out from heat prostration.

About 7.30 a. m. I ordered a slow retreat, instructing Corporal McCarthy to bring up the rear with the
disabled and wounded. I took a northeast course leading to the valley, down a rocky gully well protected by
a light woods of small trees on each side. The banks of the gully afforded excellent protection from the
enemy's fire.  The enemy did not close in upon me after I gained this cover, but continued to fire from a
distance. I replied to this fire whenever I could locate their position.

Shortly after beginning this retreat 1 private was wounded. At this time 3 of my men were dead and 7
missing, leaving my total strength at 42, including the wounded and sick.

It was necessary to move cautiously and slowly, so my flankers could keep informed of the enemy's
movements, and the exhaustion of my men at one time necessitated a halt of one hour, when I made an
equal distribution of ammunition, giving each man 40 rounds.

Finding that the enemy was moving to the north to intercept my retreat to Santa Cruz and slowly closing in
on my right flank and rear, I was compelled to move rapidly.  It now became necessary to march in a brook,
which gradually increased in width and depth and ran over an extremely rocky bed. The retreat proved very
severe, and it was with difficulty that I kept up, being very weak from loss of blood.

Corporals McCarthy, Williams, and Maxwell, and Privates Johnson, Weigand, and Kraft were now some
distance in the rear, leaving me 36 men, one of whom had fallen and broken both arms, and the hospital
private being armed with a revolver only, left my effective strength at 34.

After a retreat of about 3 1/2 miles we reached the valley, where the water course widened into a small
stream. I then moved to the north through rice fields. This course led directly to Massiquisie, a small village
about 2 miles distant, from which place I would have had a much better country to retreat through. After I
had proceeded about a quarter of a mile the enemy opened fire from intrenchments on the left and from
some small hills on my right flank, to which I replied, successfully diminishing their fire.

At this important moment I was again wounded, the bullet passing through my neck and mouth. I fell forward
and a few moments later, upon recovering consciousness and calling for assistance, I was lifted out of the
water and borne about 100yards by Privates Ilitz, Hospital Corps, and Robert D. Jackson, Henry McDaniel,
Frederick Mass,and Webster Cassell, Company F, Twenty-ninth Infantry. An improvised litter was then
made by these men, upon which I was carried 100 yards farther. I told Sergeant Woodward, who passed
by me at this time, that they must cut their way through to Santa Cruz, which he states he immediately
transmitted to Sergeant Gwynne, the ranking sergeant.

Recognizing that I was an impediment to the column, I instructed my men to place me under cover of a rice
dike. I then repeated to Private Ilitz the order I had given Sergeant Woodward, telling him to send word to
the sergeant to take command and leave me on the field. I then instructed llitz to remain with me as my
wounds did not seem fatal, and I believed the wounded who were now cut off would be captured and need
attention also.

As the enemy continued to fire upon me, I instructed Ilitz to put up a flag of truce for our protection. For this
purpose he used a triangular bandage from a first-aid package, but after two shots entered the dike above
me and several passed through the flag I ordered it removed.

About this time Private Ilitz reported that Sergeant Gwynne reported that he was entirely surrounded and
wished to know what he should do. For the third time I ordered him to proceed to Santa Cruz. I was
growing weaker every moment from my last wound, which had not been bandaged. Lying on my back and
unable to move, I was absolutely helpless.

About fifteen minutes after my last order the firing ceased and I heard the shouts of the enemy in great
numbers very near me. Soon I was told that the sergeant had surrendered and several of my men in the
hands of the enemy were marched by me. I was threatened with death by several of the enemy, some of
whom began to rob me of my clothing and personal effects.

Nine of my men succeeded in cutting through the enemy's lines, and 8 of them reached a swamp near the
seashore, but-were captured about 6 o'clock in the afternoon.

Private Shew, who was in this party, received two slight bolo wounds and two severe bolo wounds. Private
Poole, who in some way got separated from this party, was captured the same afternoon, after receiving
two slight bolo wounds.

The total number who were surrendered by Sergeant Gwynne was.27 men, himself included, at about 2
o'clock in the afternoon.

Private Johnson, who had been wounded early in the morning and was cut off from the column, was
captured September 14 after receiving a severe bolo wound the left forearm.

Private Kraft, who had been cut off from the column, was captured about midnight September 14, after
getting within about 5 miles of Santa Cruz.

During the afternoon of September 13 the 7 men who were missing united with Corporal McCarthy,
making a total of 11 men. Private Weigand, who was in this party, was killed in the afternoon of September
14,and the same evening the remaining 10 men were captured.

The number of the enemy engaged I estimate from 225 to 250 armed with rifles, and 2,000 armed with
bolos. The number of his killed, counted by my men after capture, was 30, though I believe he suffered a
heavier loss. I am unable to estImate the number of his wounded.

The enemy's riflemen were closely supported by his bolomen, and I could not reduce his fire, as the rifles of
the killed and wounded were at once put back into action. The enemy was aggressive, and maintained
good discipline throughout the engagement..

The night of my capture Private Ilitz induced the Filipino commander, MaxiImo Abad, to send to Santa Cruz
for medicine, which was received several days after.  This was used with great ability by Private llitz upon
the wounded, and it was through his care, excellent judgment, and faithfulness that the lives of the wounded
were saved. The insurgents not only had no medical officer or supplies whatever, but confiscated half of my
medicine for their own use.

From the day of my capture until the afternoon of the 13th of October, I was kept separated from my men
with Private llitz, 2 wounded, and 1 other enlisted man.  I used every effort to induce Abad to put me with
my men or to allow all my wounded to be with me, but the most he would consent to was to permit Private
Ilitz to visit the other wounded.

On September 15 I offered Abad $20 each for the delivery of my dead at Santa Cruz, which he refused to
do. I was recently informed by Wllllam Huff, an American negro who was with me in the capacity of servant
during the expedition, that he had seen the enemy mutilate the body of one of our dead, and probably this
fact caused Abad to refuse my offer.

Some days later Abad demanded of me an order on Lieutenant Wilson, whom I had left in command at
Santa Cruz, to surrender that garrison to him, Abad. This, of course, I refused to do both because I had no
right and no wish to do so.

My treatment for the first twelve days was considerate, after which I was continually moving, marching and
sleeping in the mountains under varying conditions of weather, and without shelter. My men report having
undergone similar treatment.

About October 9 Abad informed me that he had written to the commanding officer at Santa Cruz
requesting him to designate a place where he would receive all the American prisoners as he, Abad, had
received orders from General Trias to release them. He stated that he had not received a reply and
requested me to write to the commanding officer at Santa Cruz explaining the circumstances and request
him to have all the troops remain at their station, pending our delivery.  In reply to my letter I received a
communication from General Hare instructing me to inform Abad that he would agree to his request and
was ready to receive us at once.  This letter was delivered to me at 2 o'clock a. m., October 11, after
having been opened by Abad.  With it I received instructions from Abad to make an immediate reply; that I
should say to General Hare that he, Abad, would deliver us in the afternoon of October 13 at Gasan. This
letter was forwarded at once. Abad then addressed a letter to General Hare changing the place of delivery
from Gasan to Buena Vista.

In reply to my last communication I received a letter from General Hare October 12, telling me to urge
prompt action upon Abad, and that he would receive us at Buena Vista. Later Abad came to me, stating
that he had received orders from General Trias to parole me and my men, and in case I would not accept a
parole to march us farther into the mountains, and to keep us on the march out of the way of any rescuing
party. This, of course, made me believe that the intention to deliver us to General Hare had been given up,
and there would be no further communication. All my men being much exhausted, almost destitute of
clothing, and without any subsistence except a short ration of native rice, and being without any kind of
supplies for the sick and wounded, I considered that to march much more as we had been doing would be
almost certain death to the wounded if not to some of the sick, and being in the hands of semisavages,
these conditions induced me to give my parole and allow my men to give theirs.

On the evening of October 13 we were marched from the mountains to Buena Vista, where we remained
until the afternoon of October 14, when General Hare (who had been compelled on October 12 to put into
Santa Cruz on account of bad weather) arrived on the U. S. S. Bennington, and we were immediately taken
on board the Bennington, where I reported to General Hare.

Recommendations for medals of honor will be made for the following-named men for bearing wounded
from the field under fire:

Private Michael Ilitz, Hospital Corps, U. S. A.; and Privates Repard B. Caswell, Robert D. Jackson,
Frederick Mass, Henry McDaniel, and Webster Cassell, Company F, Twenty-ninth Infantry.

Recommendations for certificates of merit will be made for the following-named men for exceptional
gallantry in action:

Corporals Curtis E. Lowe and Thomas C. Williams and Privates Juan B. Poole, Toliver G. Johnson, and
John Shew, Company F, Twenty-ninth Infantry.

The loss in killed and wounded is as follows:

Killed: Privates William R. Andrews, Elmore E. Murray, Erwin Niles, and Frank Weigand, Company F,
Twenty-ninth Infantry, U. S. V.  Wounded: Capt. Devereux Shields, Twenty-ninth Infantry, U. S. V.; Privates
Toliver G. Johnson, Livious S. Colvin, Juan B. Poole, John Shew, and Robert D. Jackson, Company F,
Twenty-ninth Infantry, U. S. V.

Very respectfully,

Captain, Twenty-ninth Infantry, U. S. V.
Manila, P. I., October 15, 1900.
Maj. Gen. J. C. BATES, U. S. V.,
Commanding Department of Southern Luzon, Manila, P. I.

SIR: I have the honor to submit the following report of recent events upon the island of Marinduque:
The island of Marinduque is about 30 miles in length by about 20 miles in breadth, and is very mountainous.

Its internal communications consist of a few difficult trails, some of which are impracticable for ponies.

The towns of this island are four in number, viz: Boac, Santa Cruz, Torrijos and Gasan, situated equidistant
from the center of the island. In addition there are various barrios and villages. (Sketch hereunto
appended, marked A.)

The population has been variously estimated to consist of between 30,000 and 50,000 inhabitants
(Tagalos). Probably all male natives of suitable age have been or are insurgents either willingly or under
fear of death. These have about 250 rifles and many bolos.

The insurgent governor is one Abad; the second in command is one Alapaap alias Sirioco Vidal. Both of
these officials are from Cavite province.

The United States troops on the island are the following: Company A, Twentyninth Infantry, U. S. V.
(Lieutenant Wells), garrisoning Boac since April 25 1900 and Company F, Twenty-ninth Infantry, U. S. V.
(Captain Shields), garrisoning Santa Cruz since June 5, 1900.

On the 24th of September a communication from Lieutenant WeIls, commanding at Boac, dated
September 20, was received at these headquarters. In this communication Lieutenant Wells stated that
friendly natives had informed him that about September 13 Captain Shields and 50-odd enlisted men of
Company F, Twentyninth Infantry, from Santa Cruz, had been landed by the U. S. S. Villalobos at Torrijos
and had all been killed or captured. Acting under verbal orders of the department commander I
immediately proceeded to Cavite, went aboard the U. S. S. Yorktown, which steamed for Batangas,
arriving there at noon September 25.

Colonel Anderson embarked on the Yorktown with Companies B and D, Thirtyeighth Infantry, U. S. V.,
which were landed at Santa Cruz, Marinduque, at 11 a. m., September 26.

Upon arriving at Santa Cruz Lieutenant Wilson, Twenty-ninth Infantry, then commanding the post, informed
me as follows:

On September 11 Captain Shields, with 51 enlisted men of Company F, Twentyninth Infantry, U. S. V., 1
Hospital Corps private, and 1 negro civilian, left Santa Cruz on the U. S. S. Villalobos, with the intention of
disembarking at Torrijos and marching back to Santa Cruz. On the afternoon of September 14 a letter was
received by Lieutenant Wilson from the Hospital Corps private who had accompanied the expedition, in
which the latter stated that the entire detachment had been captured.  The insurgent authorities did not
allow the details of the engagement to be transmitted.

On the afternoon of September 14 the attitude of the natives around Santa Cruz became so threatening,
and as the garrison was so small (2 lieutenants and 39 enlisted men), Lieutenant Wilson began to transfer
his men and stores to the church and convento, which are protected by a low bastioned wall.

The transfer of the Government supplies was nearing completion when, about 9:30 p. m., September 15, a
fire was discovered in the vicinity of one of the commissary storehouses. This fire consumed all but two of
the buildings previously used by Company F, Twenty-ninth Infantry. About 15,000 pounds of bacon were
also destroyed, as were some minor articles.

The same evening (September 15) at about 10:30, the presidente of Santa Cruz, who had been friendly to
the Americans, was assassinated in the main street not far from the church, and his son, a lad of 15,was
severely wounded but was rescued by the troops.

The insurgents, on September 14, had begun to take up positions on the commanding hills which surround
Santa Cruz, and commenced to annoy the garrison by desultory rifle firing.

On the morning of the day of the arrival of the Yorktown at Santa Cruz (September 26), Lieutenant Wilson
received a written communication from the insurgent leader Alapaap demanding the immediate surrender
of the garrison.

I believe that the prompt action taken at Manila, upon the receipt of what appeared to be but little better
than a rumor, averted a disaster to this small garrison. Captain Shields had left behind certain men unfit for
duty (one of them died September 13), the garrison had been harassed since September 14, and a
continuation of constant alertness and suspense would not have put their small number in a good condition
to resist a determined rush of a large number of insurgents, whose operations would have been assisted
by the local topography.

Santa Cruz a town of about 14000 inhabitants, was deserted after September 15.  Colonel Anderson,
having landed his two companies and supplies at Santa Cruz on the 26th, embarked his two companies
on the U. S. S. Villalobos the afternoon of the 27th and was disembarked at Torrijos the same afternoon.

September 28 the column marched over a difficult mountain trail to Santa Cruz, carefully searching for
some indication of Captain Shields or of his engagement.

Some insurgents were discovered in the distance and driven from a small cuartel, which was burned. No
evidence of Captain Shields's former movements could be found and the countryside seemed deserted.

Torrijos is 18 miles from Santa Cruz.

September 30 Colonel Anderson's troops again embarked on the Villalobos and proceeded to Torrijos.
October 1 this column marched over a difficult mountain trail to a point near the center of the island, where
most of the American prisoners had been detained in a guardhouse. The insurgents had removed the
prisoners about three hours previous to our arrival. Their trail was followed for 2 or 3 miles into the canyon
of the Boac River, where the character of the country was such that they were enabled to remove their
prisoners up the canyon side without detection on the part of the pursuing troops.

October 2 the march was continued as far as Boac, after marching about 40 miles from Torrijos. About 15
bolomen were captured on this trail.

Boac contained a few inhabitants, although the part of the town near the church was burned July 31,
1900,and on the same date, in an engagement about 7miles from Boac, the garrison (Company A,
Twenty-ninth Infantry) had lost 2 corporals captured by insurgents; with them was captured an Englishman,
Mr. R. D. Mackey.

October 4 Colonel Anderson's troops returned to Santa Cruz; distance marched, 18 miles.

On October 8 Brigadier-General Hare arrived off Santa Cruz with 8 companies of the First U. S. Infantry,
and was reinforced by the U. S. S. Bennington and the U. S. S.  Villalobos.

General Hare at once started to place sufficient troops at Santa Cruz, Torrijos, Gasan, and Boac to insure
a thorough investigation of the island being made.

October 11Colonel Anderson directed Lieutenant Jordan to take 1 company of First Infantry and a
detachment of Company F, Twenty-ninth Infantry, and to make a 2 days' investigation of the country
between Santa Cruz and Torrijos, while Colonel Anderson, with 2 companies of the Thirty-eighth Infantry,
started on a reconnoissance on the diagonal line between Santa Cruz and Gasan.

On October 13 this latter column, after searching in the mountains, was compelled to return to Torrijos, as
no direct trail could be found from Santa Cruz to Gasan.

The garrison at Torrijos consisted of 3 companies of the First Infantry, and from this post an expedition had
been sent into the mountains, but was recalled upon the receipt of a letter from Captain Shields dated
October 9, requesting that no more expeditions be sent out, as the insurgents desired to surrender the
prisoners. General Hare thereupon suspended operations, he being at that time engaged in placing a
garrison at Gasan. He proceeded to Buena Vista and opened communications with the insurgents.

October 14 the small boats of the Bennington went ashore at Buena Vista and brought away all the
American prisoners. The prisoners turned over were: Captain Shields and 48 men, Company F,
Twenty-ninth Infantry; 2 corporals, Company A, Twenty-ninth Infantry (captured near Boac July 31), and 1
civilian negro. The Englishman, Mr. Mackey, was not surrendered.

General Hare demanded that the insurgents surrender their arms, but the representative of the governor,
Abad, petitioned for a delay of seven days in order that the various leaders might be conferred with, which
request was granted.

Thirteen of the ex prisoners who were sick or wounded were placed aboard the Villalobos; these I
accompanied to Manilla, arriving there at 11 a. m. October 15.

In regard to the expedition of Captain Shields I made inquiries of Captain Shields, of the 2 officers at
Santa Cruz, of the 2 sergeants and the Hospital Corps private who accompanied the detachment, of the
native priest at Santa Cruz, of several Chinamen, and of others. I also went over the trail and saw the
position where the engagement commenced.

From the above I deduced as follows:

September 11 Captain Shields, 51 enlisted men of Company F, Twenty-ninth Infantry, U. S. V., 1 Hospital
Corps private, and 1 American negro servant, proceeded from Santa Cruz to Torrijos aboard the U. S. S.
Villalobos. Having disembarked at Torrijos, Captain Shields remained there for the night.

September 12 Captain Shields took the trail to the west of the town and marched about 5 miles,
discovering some insurgent barracks which he burned; the detachment then returned to Torrijos.

The insurgents have a good system of signaling and couriers, and as there is but one trail generally
traveled between Torrijos and Santa Cruz, they had ample time in which to assemble a large force and to
select the most advantageous point in which to attack the Americans.

Captain Shields left Torrijos at 2 a. m. September 13 and marched towards Santa Cruz.

After leaving Torrijos the Santa Cruz trail winds up on a high ridge. The trail is narrow and in many places
greatly inclined; at the highest point of the trail the ground rises sharply on the left and falls away on the
right. (Sketch hereunto appended marked B.) Shortly after passing this point and at 5 a. m. the point
received a fire from the front and left. Captain Shields placed his men in such formation as the ground
admitted of and replied to the insurgent fire until about 11:00 a. m., when, after having had 3 men killed,
himself severely wounded, and receiving a fire from three sides, he directed the detachment to move to the
right from the trail and down a ravine. Captain Shields hoped to be able to work his way out of the
mountains to the right and into Santa Cruz. This was difficult as no known trail exists except the one held by
the insurgents. While passing through the ravine the detachment halted a number of times to reply to the
insurgent fire. When leaving the ravine 11 men became detached and continued eastward. They were
captured next day about 7 p. m., one of their number having been killed.

After leaving the ravine the ground became less rugged and the insurgents who were firing from a small
barrio to the left, were driven off. Captain Shields intended to take up a position on a small ridge to his
right in order to drive therefrom some insurgents and to reply to the fire of the remainder, but as his men
did not average more than 20 rounds this position could not have been held for any length of time.

After having marched about 4 miles under fire Captain Shields was severely wounded in the neck. In the
meantime the men had deployed behind a small rice dike. Captain Shields sent word to his senior
sergeant, a young man who had never before been in action, to take command and cut his way to Santa
Cruz. The two sergeants who were together state that they never received the order, but that someone
came to them and said they were to surrender.

Captain Shields, who feared that the men who were attending him would be boloed directed them to raise
a white flag for their own protection, which being done, the two sergeants interpreted as meaning a general
surrender, and it was evidently so understood by the insurgents. The insurgents closed in, but continued the
firing, notwithstanding the white flag and the fact that nearly all the detachment had lain down their rifles.

Twenty-four men surrendered near where Captain Shields was wounded; 8 other men attempted to gain
the sea, but were captured about 8 p. m. One soldier arrived within 5 miles of Santa Cruz before his

In this engagement our casualties were 4 enlisted men killed, 1 officer and 5 enlisted men wounded. The
insurgents captured 2 Colt's revolvers and 51 Krag-Jorgensen rifles with 800 rounds of ammuntion; about
20 soldiers previous to surrendering rendered their rifles useless by throwing away the bolts.

Captain Shields, his sergeants, and others of the detachment state that they were engaged by about 200
to 250 riflemen and from 1,000 to 2,000 bolomen, and that the insurgent casualties amounted to 30 dead
and many wounded. The native priest stated that there was a less number in action than given above and
only a few were killed.

The prisoners were finally taken into the interior and were compelled to do much marching, although some
were sick and others wounded. Medical treatment was necessarily limited. Some of the men were robbed.
The leader, Alapaap, slapped more than one prisoner in the face after the latter were bound.

Colonel Anderson's relieving column passed quite close to the prisoners on two or more occasions, but
the rugged country prevented their discovery.

General Hare's prompt appearance with 1,000 men and the naval vessels Benmngton and Villalobos
compelled the surrender of the prisoners. Although the governor, Abad, informed General Hare that he
would immediately surrender the prisoners at Buena Vista, yet before the prisoners were allowed to leave
the hills they were compelled to sign paroles, which they were informed was in compliance with an order
from General Mariano Trias under date of September 27, received in Marinduque October 2. Nothing was
stipulated about paroles in the communications With General Hare; the order said to have been received
October 2 was not fully compIied with until October 13-14, and the surrender was obviously due to the show
of force. The members of the detachment objected to giving paroles, but were compelled to do so, as it
was thought that a continuance of their existing hardships would result fatally for some of the sick men.

Very respectfully,

First Lieutenant, Third U. S. Infantry, Aid-de-carnp.
[First Indorsement.]
Manila, October 27, 1900.

Respectfully forwarded to the adjutant-general, Division of the Philippines.  Captain Shields, owing to his
severe wounds, has not been in a physical condition to make a formal report of his engagement of
September 13 and its consequences.  Lieutenant Reeve has talked with Captain Shields and others, and I
think that this report gives a very full account of the affair.

Major-General, U. S. V., Commanding
Operations on Island of Marinduque, October 22-26, 1900.

SIR: In compliance with instructions from your office contained in indorsement of December 15, 1900,I
have the honor to submit a report of the operations of my command while at Boac, Marinduque Island, P.
I., during the month of October, 1900.

The headquarters, Company A and part of Company C, First Infantry, landed at Boac, Marinduque, P. I.,
stationed at that place.

Pursuant to instructions from Brig. Gen. L. R. Hare, U. S. V., as follows:

Commencing October 22, 1900-

"Second Boac-Colonel Harbach-one column to move up the Boac River to place where the barracks
supposed to be, 8 or 9 miles from Boac.  Captured men from the Twenty-ninth can probably locate fully;
investigate vicinity.  Second column to move along coast to Gasan; arrresting all male inhabitants."

I ordered Captain Getty, First Infantry, with Company C, and 39 men Company A, Twenty-ninth Infantry to
proceed on October 22 up the Boac River to the place where the insurgent barracks were located.
Captain Getty succeeded in reaching and destroying these barracks on the 23d instant. He also found
and destroyed about 3 miles from Boac, two houses which had apparently been used for the  
manufacture of powder.  His command returned to Boac on the same day, the 23d; no opposition.

The second column, commanded by Capt. F. E. Lacey, jr., First Infantry, composed of Company A, First
Infantry, 90 men and Lieutenant Holley, Twenty-ninth Infantry, and 11 men Company A, Twenty-ninth
Infantry, proceeded on October 22 along the beach road toward Gasan, with orders to arrest all male
inhabitants, arriving at that place at 7 p. m.; the 22d instant 212 prisoners were captured and turned over
to the commanding officer, Gasan. The command camped at Gasan, where Captain Lacey was taken
violently ill and was not able to return to Boac with the command, which returned there on the 23d instant
under, command of First Lieut. George L. Byroade.

Pursuant to instructions from General Hare of October 23, 1900,I ordered Captain Getty, with Company
C, First Infantry, with Capt. George Bell, jr., quartermaster, First Infantry, Lieutenant Byroade, and 50 men
of Company A, First Infantry, and Captain Hill and 50 men, Twenty-ninth Volunteer Infantry, and Acting
Assistant Surgeon Vose to leave Boac on the afternoon of October 25 and march to the town of Mogpog
(about 3 miles from the town of Boac), where he would remain overnight, and proceed in a northerly
direction along the coast line so as to reach San Andreas Harbor early in the morning of the 26th instant,
and to cooperate then with a force to be sent there by water from Santa Cruz, Marinduque, to investigate
a reported quantity of insurgent stores at that place. On the arrival of the column at Mogpog, which was
entered without opposition, 46 natives, males, were arrested, and sent back the following day to Boac
with Captain Bell and the detachment of men from Company A, First Infantry. On the 26th Captain Getty
marched to the vicinity of San Andreas Bay, and at 11 a. m. met Colonel Anderson, Thirty-eighth U. S. V.
Infantry, in command of the troops from Santa Cruz. The column then returned to Boac by another trail,
which led to Mogpog. Two storehouses containing rice were discovered on the return march and were

Reports of Captains Getty and Bell and Lieutenant Byroade are inclosed herewith.

Very respectfully,

Colonel First Infantry, Commanding.
BOAC, P. I., October 29, 1900.

SIR: I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations of the first column from Boac, covering
the periods October 22 and October 26, 1900.

The column, consisting of part of Company C, First Infantry, Lieutenant Carroll commanding, 30 men
Company A, Twenty-ninth U. S. V., Captain Hill commanding;  Acting Assistant Surgeon Vose and 2
hospital attendants, left Boac at 8.40 a. m., October 22. Proceeded up the Boac River, searched a barrio
about 3 miles from the post, found two houses, evidently used for manufacturing powder, and burnt them.  
Followed up the first branch of Boac River, to the left, all natives fleeing to the mountains as the column
advanced. Trail led up this stream 5 miles, then turned to the left up the mountains. After climbing the
mountains for about a mile, trail divided; took the right hand, and, proceeding a mile, found no indications
of insurgents
barracks.  Camped at house on the ridge, taking 2 natives prisoners. Left camp at 6 a. m., October 23,
using natives as guides, led us off on trail supposed to lead to Mogpog.  Retraced our march and found
three barracks hidden in the mountains about a half mile west of our camping place. Found no indications
of barracks having been occupied for some time. Burnt them, and returned to Boac same day,
arresting 3 more natives on the way.  Country very rough, few scattered houses, with small fields of rice.

October 25. Left at 3 p. m., with same command, to cooperate with Oolonel Anderson's column at
Banalacan, Captain Bell and Lieutenant Byroade with 50 men of Company A, First Infantry accompanied
the column as far as Mogpog.  Arrested 46 natives at the latter place, and proceeded up the Mogpog River
about 2 miles, looking for trail in direction of Banalacan. Unable to discover one, and becoming dark,
returned to Mogpog,and camped for the night.

October 26. Left camp at 6 a. m., proceeded to the coast and followed it up to Banalacan. Joined Colonel
Anderson at latter place about 11 a. m. Colonel Anderson then withdrew his command, and turned over 2
prisoners to act as guides.  Found trail over the mountains nearly parallel and about 4 miles back of coast,
and proceeded by it to Mogpog. After crossing one range of mountains at Banalacan, found a good sized
valley planted with rice. Discovered two storehouses and burnt them. Passed through Mogpog and
reached Boac at dark. The success of both expeditions in reaching their destination is due mainly to the
knowledge of the country passed by Captain Hill and Acting Assistant Surgeon Vose. The men stood the
hardships of the march well.  A few are badly in need of shoes. I inclose a rough map of the route covered
by the column.

Very respectfully,

Captain, First Infantry.
BOAC, MARINDUQUE ISLAND, P. I., November 3, 1900.
Boac, Marinduque Island, P. I.

SIR: I have the honor to report that on October 25,1900, in compliance with verbal orders of the post
commander, with a detachment consisting of 53 men of Company A, First Infantry, and 10 men of
Company A, Twenty-ninth Infantry, I left this place at about 3 p. m. in a column commanded by Capt. R. N.
Getty, First Infantry, and proceeded to a point on Santa Cruz trail, about 2 miles beyond Mogpog, returning
to that place for the night. Forty-four prisoners taken by the column were turned over to my detachment, and
on morning of 26th Captain Getty with remainder of column left Mogpog. Shortly after daylight I also left that
town and after following remainder of column to the sea, a distance of about 2 miles, proceeded along the
beach about 2 miles, and then struck across country for Boac, so as to pass through a large barrio in an
endeavor to secure more prisoners, but was only able to add 5 to number previously obtained, as many
houses were found to be entirely deserted before our arrival. The distance marched on 25th about 7 miles
and on 26th 7 miles, making 14 in all. First Lieutenant Byroade was in command of men from Company A,
First Infantry, and Second Lieutenant Holley of those from Company A,Twenty-ninth Infantry. Detachment
was also accompanied by 2 Hospital Corps men and brought in 49 prisoners.

Very respectfully,

Captain and Quartermaster First Infantry, Commanding Detachment.
(No. 9c.)
BOAC, MARINDUQUE ISLAND, P. I., November 4, 1900.
Boac, Marinduque Island, P. I.

I have the honor to submit the following report: Capt. F. E. Lacey, jr., First Infantry, First Lieutenant George
L. Byroade, First Infantry, Second Lieut. G. M. Holley, Twenty-ninth Infantry, 90 enlisted men Company A,
First Infantry, and 11 men of Company A, Twenty-ninth Infantry, left Boac at 7 a. m. October 22, 1900, and
proceeded toward Gasan, with instructions to arrest all male persons between the ages of 15 and 60, burn
all supply houses, etc. The expedition met a detachment of the First Infantry, under the command of First
Lieut. J. N. Pickering, First Infantry, about 2 1/2 miles from Gasan, and turned over to him 201 prisoners, 2
prisoners having been killed while trying to escape. The column then proceeded up a small river and
searched a town named Tugroos, capturing 11 prisoners. The column then proceeded to Gasan, arriving
there about 7 p. m., turning over these prisoners to the commanding officer at Gasan. The column then
camped for the night at Gasan.

Capt. F. E. Lacey, jr., First Infantry, was taken violently ill and had to be left under the care of a doctor at
Gasan. The column started on the return trip at 9 a. m. October 23, 1900, arriving at Boac about 4 p. m.
October 23, 1900, with 1 prisoner, who was turned over to the commanding officer. The column met with
no resistance and had no losses.

Very respectfully,

First Lieutenant, First Infantary, Commanding.
No. 10.
Operations near Santa Cruz, Marinduque, for the month of November, 1900.
November 30, 1900.


SIR: I have the honor to submit the following report of operations for the month of November, 1900:

November 23.  Left Santa Cruz at 6 a. m. with 47 enlisted men, Company B, First Infantry, Lieutenant
Wilson, and 18 enlisted men, Company F, Twenty-ninth Infantry, and W. S. Kidd, acting assistant surgeon,
U. S. A.   Went in southerly direction to barrio of Taytay, 6 miles, then in a circuitous route back to Santa
Cruz, taking in barrio of Napo and several others. Nine prisoners taken. My casualties none. Total distance
traveled, 14 miles. Conditions no better than last month.  Natives all hide at approach of troops. Amigos
report that 80 new rifles were landed on island during month.

Very respectfully,

First Lieutenant, First Infantry, Commanding Company B.
No. 14.
Operations near Boac, Marinduque, December 12-14, 1900.
December 15, 1900.


SIR: I have the honor to report that at 11:30 p m. December 12th I left this post in command of a
detachment consisting of Second Lieut. W. S. Martin, First Infantry, 27 enlisted men from Company A, First
Infantry, and 23 from Company K, Second Infantry, in compliance with General Orders, No.6, current
series, post.  In order that our departure might not be discovered by the natives, we descended
from the post to the Boac River, following the banks of same for nearly a mile, and then taking the road.
This detour prevented our reaching the barrio of Laylay, 1 1/2 miles by the road, before 12:45   a. m. of the
13th.  From this point we marched rapidly, arriving at Dauis, our objective, which is over a mile off the main
road, and about 18 miles from Boac, at 5.30 a m.

I sent Lieutenant Martin to the left of the town with the detachment from Company A, First Infantry, while I
charged through it with the detachment from Company K, Second Infantry. There were no men in the town,
but a number of them could be seen running and scattering over the hills back of the town. By my order fire
was opened upon these and two were seen to fall.  Natives have since reported that we killed 3.  They fired
a few shots at us in reply, and then disappeared.  Carrying out the instructions of the commanding officer
we burned all the houses to the number of 14, leaving 1 for the shelter of the women and children who had
been left behind. In several of the houses were found large quantities of hemp, rice, and palay, all of which
were burned. One house used solely as a storehouse was filled with hemp.

The inclosed fragment of a letter is evidence that this barrio had been used as a rendezvous by the
insurrecto Capitan Fausto Roque, as had been reported. I learned from native sources that the barrio had
been occupied by 75 insurrectos and some of their sick, and also that provisions with them were
becoming scarce.  On our return we left Dauis at 9 a. m., burning considerable hemp and rice on the way,
but, pursuant to the orders of the commanding officer, not molesting any of the other towns.  From Dauis to
Cavite, except in the large town of Gasan, all the houses had been deserted, but from Cavite in there were
many women and children, but no men.

We crossed a large number of streams, as will be seen by reference to the accompanying map drawn by
Lieutenant Martin, but only one, at Gasan, was waist deep, and this was probably due to the tide, as it did
not come up to the knees on our return. The roads while level were very muddy, which made marching
difficult.  In the dry season they would be excellent.

Although we marched as quietly and expeditiously as possible, our approach was always heralded by a
loud chorus from the native dogs, there being two or more of them to each hut, and many huts along the
road; all of them apparently occupied on our outward march. Nevertheless, the rapidity of our movement
surprised them,  as at Dauis, in most of the houses, we found breakfast just prepared, or abandoned in
course of preparation.

It is, in my opinion, impossible to surprise these people at any great distance away, on account of the
dogs. Had we been able to have taken a boat at Laylay, the port of Boac, we could have proceeded
unnoticed to the coast opposite Dauis and captured all its occupants.

This expedition was Lieutenant Martin's first experience in the field as an officer of the regular service, and
I can not refrain from commenting upon the skillful and intelligent manner in which he performed all his
duties and carried out my orders.  He was perfectly cool at all times, and appears to be an exceptionally
well-equipped young officer.

On our return we arrived at this post at 7 p. m. December 14,having destroyed the insurrectos' rendezvous
at Dauis after a short skirmish, having burned 220 bales of hemp, 75 sacks of rice, and 200 piculs of
palay, and having marched 35 miles, all inside of nineteen and one-half hours. A few of the men had sore
feet, but I immediately mounted all such by capturing native ponies along the road as required.

Very respectfully,

Captain and Quartermaster, Second U. S. Infantry, Commanding Detachment.
No. 16.
Operations near Boac, Marinduque, December 18, 1900.
BOAC,MARINDUQUE, December 20, 1900.


SIR: I have the honor to report that in compliance with General Orders, No.8, December 17, 1900, copy"
A," I left this post at 7:30 a.m., December 18, with 125 men and marched east and southeast along the
Boac River, some 7 miles as indicated on sketch" B."  From crossing No.2, it was evident that the
command was preceded by 1 mounted man and 1 on foot.  Near a crossing No.4, a blazed trail
attracted attention, and on investigation it was found that a string had been run across the trail at about
the height of a white man's head through an adjacent house, to an alarm signal of bamboo (sketch" C")
advantageously placed for throwing sound up the river; this house was burned on the return march. The
footman who had been traveling ahead of the command, had taken this trail which was precipitous and
difficult.  The horseman was killed at the next crossing (fifth).  Arrived at sixth crossing at 11.30 a. m.,
Lieutenant Martin believed he recognized the place that had been described, and halted the advance
guard.  He was correct, and sent forward with some 30 men; burned 3 storehouses and 11 shacks
containing stores. The remainder of the command deployed in support, sketch   "D".

An endeavor had evidently been made to carry off rice from shack X, as some was found on the trail.
Several natives were fired on as they ran. I had been lead to believe that a strong defense of
storehouses would be made. They were well placed and intrenched, but there was no resistance. The
insurrectos apparently regarded this place as safe from discovery, as they had begun cultivation of a
large plot of ground as shown on sketch " D."  Huts X and Y were not burned because occupied by old

Buildings destroyed, 3 storehouses and 26 shacks.

Stores destroyed were 1,200 sacks (30 tons) of rice, 20 bales of hemp, 150 bolts of blue and white
cloth, 60 insurrecto uniforms.

Started back at 1.50 p. m., and reached Boac at 5.45 p. m. Distance traveled, 14 miles. Heavy rain all
day, and twelve crossings of river waist deep. Second Lieut. W. S. Martin, First Infantry, in charge of
advance guard, showed energy, ability, and comprehension of his duties.

Very respectfully,

Captain and Adjutant Second Infantry, Commanding.

2.  Capt. H. H. Benham, Adjutant Second Infantry, with Second Lieut. W. S. Martin, First Infantry, and 125
men of companies A, First Infantry, and K, Second Infantry, armed and equipped with 150rounds of
ammunition per man and ponchos, will proceed tomorrow to Patacpatac, some 8 miles to the eastward,
in search of insurrecto storehouse reported to be there. The verbal instructions of the commanding
officer will be fully carried out.

One man of the Hospital Corps, properly equipped, will accompany the command.

By order of Lieutenant-Colonel Corliss.

Captain and Adjutant Second Infantry, Adjutant.
No. 17.
Operations near Boac, Marinduque, December19 - 24, 1900.

POST AT BOAC, MARINDUQUE, P. I.  December 24, 1900.

Adjutant Post at Boac, Marinduque, P. I.

SIR: I have the honor to submit the following report:

In compliance with General Orders No. 2, Headquarters Island of Marinduque, dated December 17, 1900, I
left this post December 19, at 9 a. m., with a command consisting of Second Lieut. W. S. Martin, First
Infantry, 63 men of Company A, First Infantry; 62 men of Company K, Second Infantry; and 1 private
Hospital Corps, with a pack train of 13 ponies, carrying five days rations for the command.

I marched to Buenavista, leaving the pack train at the church in the town of Gasan, with a guard of 25 men
under Sergt. George Thomas, Company K, Second Infantry, with orders to remain there all day the 20th
and join me at Buenavista on the 21st, when a detachment would be sent to meet him. These provisions
were all carried out. I reached Buenavista about 7.30 p. m., having marched 20 miles.

During the day Filipinos running ahead of us, either mounted or on foot, and evidently giving warning of our
approach, were fired at three times, and 1 was evidently wounded, as considerable blood was found in
different places along the trail.

Two storehouses, containing about a ton each of palay, were burned, as were also 2 bales of hemp.

Just opposite the Three Kings, and inside the nearest one to the shore, Gaspar, a two-masted brig, was
seen anchored, and not understanding what she could be doing so close to the shore, I sent Lieutenant
Martin, with 1 man, to board her.  He found her to be the San Ignasio, first class, license No. 130, Felix
Correo, master, with a cargo of oats and hay from Batangas to Lucena. She had sailed from Batangas on
the 15th of December, and claimed to have head winds. As her papers appeared all right no further action
was deemed necessary.  Upon my return I made inquiries at Gasan of a Spaniard, Andreas Fernandez by
name, and he stated that the San Ygnacio, Ylagan, master, has been engaged in smuggling hemp from
Gasan and Buenavista for the past two months; that she comes in at night to load and at daylight goes out
to sea, coming in again at night till her loading is completed.  In spite of the slight difference in names this
vessel is evidently, from the description, the same as that boarded by Lieutenant Martin.

Sergt. George Thomas, Company K, Second Infantry, reported that on the night of December 20 a vessel
answering to the description of the San Ignasio came into the harbor at Gasan and sent a boat ashore.  
Sergeant Thomas boarded the small boat, the crew having left it when he fired at it to stop it, and finding
some hemp on board he burned both boat and hemp. He reports that he was told at the time that a
Chinaman and a Spaniard in Gasan are engaged in smuggling.

A schooner, towed by a small steam launch, was also seen in the vicinity of Buenavista when I had reached
Gasan, and I am convinced that smuggling is going on down there continually.

December 20. Left Buenavista at 7 a. m. and started across the island in a direction a little north of east,
trying to meet the column from Santa Cruz. As agreed, about noon built a signal fire and saw an answering
one apparently 5 or 6 miles to north, it being too far away for us to connect with the other column. Then
proceeded to the barrio of Malibago, on the eastern coast, and burned some houses and palay.

During the day marched out 7 miles and back to Buenavista, making 14 miles.  Burned 30 houses, 5 tons
of palay, 30 bushels of corn, and 115 bales of hemp. Killed 10 ponies, 35 head of cattle, and 1 carabao.

December 21.  Rested in Buenavista, but sent out detachment under Lieutenant Martin, who burned 1
house and 1,800 pounds of palay; and killed 29 ponies, 23 carabao, and 89 head of cattle. One Filipino
was shot through the shoulder.

December 22.  Started from Buenavista in a northerly and easterly direction through the mountains and
marched out about 6 miles and back same distance to Buenavista.

Lieutenant Martin scouting along the hills while the main body was marching along the river bottom, came
upon what was probably an insurrecto camp.  There was a considerable quantity of beef there, some of it
being on the fire cooking at the time. A pair of quartermaster-issue shoes was found there and tracks of
others were found; 15 ponies were also found tied there. Followed trail for some distance but could not
catch up with the Filipinos.

On our return a carabao that was tied near the trail broke loose and charged upon Private Robert Berclay,
Company A, First Infantry, who was leading man of the point. The animal struck him in the left thigh, making
a nasty wound clear to the bone, tossed him in the air, and would have undoubtedly killed him had not
Private Walter Jones, Company A, First Infantry, displaying great coolness and presence of mind, shot the

Private Berclay was carried to Buenavista on a litter and next morning sent back Boac with a detail of 50
men under Lieutenant Martin.

Burned during the day 24 houses, 6 1/2 tons of palay, and 2 bales of hemp. Killed 32 ponies, 7 carabao,
and 41 head of cattle.

December 23. Left Buenavista at 7.30 a. m. and marched 9 1/2 miles to Gasan.  Burned during the day
102 houses, 17 1/2 tons of palay, and 53 bales of hemp. Killed 112 ponies, 68 head of cattle, and 43

December 24. Left Gasan at 6:15 a. m. and marched 10 1/2 miles to Boac, reaching this place about
noon. Burned during the day 205 houses, 13 1/2 tons of palay and 12 bales of hemp.  Killed 147ponies
and 26 carabao.

Summary: Burned--364 houses, 45 tons palay, 600 pounds rice, 30 bushels corn, 188 bales hemp.
Kllled-330 ponies, 100 carabao, 233 cattle.

Marched about 65 miles.

I inclose five documents, found at Buenavista or in that vicinity, that may prove of value though not of recent

I also inclose map of route drawn by Lieut. W. S. Martin, First Infantry.

Very respectfully,

Captain, First Infantry.
[First indorsement]
December 29, 1900.

Respectfully forwarded to the adjutant-general Department of Southern Luzon.

I am entirely satisfied that smuggling of hemp, etc., outward is being carried on, and supplies being
brought in. I shall do my best to suppress it, but the presence of a gunboat will, in my opinion, be necessary
to accomplish this.

It is not found possible to drive in any number of cattle to military posts. They are perfectly wild, and as the
herds have been driven into the mountain fastnesses, the only possible method is to shoot them.

The papers alluded to in the last paragraph of this report are found to contain information which will be of
value in the consideration of the cases of individuals. I will have them copied and forward originals by next

Lieutenant-Colonel Second Infantry, Commanding.
No. 18.
Operations near Santa Cruz, Marinduque, December 19-22, 1900.

SANTA CRUZ, MARINDUQUE, P. I., December 23, 1900.

The ADJUTANT, Boac, Marinduque.

SIR: I have the honor to submit the following report:

December 19, at 6 a. m. Left Santa Cruz with 57 men of Company B, First Infantry, and First Lieut. A. J.
Harris, Second Infantry, and 50 men Company I, Second Infantry and 2 privates Hospital Corps. Reached
Torrijos at 5.30 p. m.

December 20. Left Torrijos at 6.30 a. m., and marched down the coast south, and then west, on the
Buenavista trail; then north, across country.

December 21. Continued march north and northeast, along the ridges of the mountains, at from about 3 to
8 miles from the coast. The country passed through is a fine cattle country, covered with grass. Camped at

December 22.  From Matuyatuya to Santa Cruz, along the Santa Cruz-Torrijos trail. Houses burnt, 30;
palay burnt, 50 bushels; ponies killed, 128; cattle killed, 128; carabao killed, 82; prisoners taken, 2;
distance traveled, 60 miles.

My casualties, none.

Very respectfully,

First Lieutenant, First U. S. Infantry, Commanding Post.
No. 21.
Expedition around Island of Marinduque, December 27-28, 1900

BOAC, MARINDUQUE ISLAND, P. I., December 31, 1900.


SIR: I have the honor to report that, complying with Special Orders, No. 29, current series, post, dated
December 27, 1900,I left this port on said date and circumnavigated the island of Marinduque on board
the U. S. Q. M. launch Kansas City, stopping at Santa Cruz during the night of the 27-28th for the purpose
of unloading fresh vegetables for the use of the troops at that station, and arriving at this post at
7 p. m., December 28.

Immediately after boarding the launch I had the Gatling gun mounted and assembled and tried it on some
Filipinos at a signal fire, which was started on our approach, just south of Gasan. The distance was too
great to be effective, but a few turns of the crank scattered them immediately.

All along the southern base of Mount Marlanga were excellent grazing grounds, and I saw herds
aggregating over 2,000 heads of cattle (vacas) along the shore.

From Torrijos southward a large number of people could be seen running for the mountains, but I did not
open fire on these, as I could see many women and children.

From Santa Cruz to Boac very little could be seen as the weather was bad, and we ran aground trying to
pass between the small islands and the mainland at Punta Silangan.

I saw a number of good sized bancas scattered on the beach from Boac to Buenavista, but no craft of any
kind that acted suspiciously, and saw no trace of the Moyon or St. Ygnacio, which two boats were
supposed to be engaged in smuggling.

I was accompanied by Dr. G. A. Renn, acting assistant surgeon, Second Lieut. W. S. Martin, Second
Infantry, and 17 enlisted men.

Respectfully submitted.

Captain and Assistant Quartermaster, Second Infantry.
No. 22.
Operations near Boac, Marinduque; December 30, 1900

POST AT BOAC, MARINDUQUE, P. I., December 31, 1900.


SIR: In compliance with verbal orders of the commanding officer, I have the honor to report that on the
morning of December 30, at 2 o'clock a. m., I left this post with Second Lieut. W. S. Martin and 25 men of
Company A, First U. S. Infantry, and 51 men of Company K, Second U. S. Infantry, for the purpose of
arresting in Poras, Tanza, and Lupac, barrio of Boac, Marcelo Montevirgin, Rufino Montales and Camilo
Bunag, respectively, men in sympathy with and giving aid to the insurrection.  At about 3 o'clock a. m.,
these three barrios were surrounded-Lubac by Second Lieut. W. S. Martin with 25 men, Company A, First
Infantry; Poras by First Sergt. W. C. Steele with 25men, Company K, Second Infantry; and Tanza by myself
with 25 men, Company K, Second Infantry.

At daylight all men in above barrios were arrested-a total of 127, 1 being killed and 1 wounded at Tanza,
while trying to escape. Of those captured 97 men were released, bearing in no way any resemblance to
the descriptions of men wanted, and many being old, young boys or sick, and all carefully checked by
name twice. The remaining 30 being brought in to post for further identification.  

The command returned at 8 o'clock a. m., having marched about 6 miles.

Respectfully yours,

First Lieutenant, Second Infantry, Commanding Detachment,