Pulang Lupa in Verse

As remembered as being taught in school, Laon Mogpog

Sa bundok ng mapulang lupa Doon sila naglaban alipapa. Amerikano'y nakulong nabigla,
ang Kapitan ay nangayupapa. Ang sundalo ng ating guerilla ay nagpakitang tapang at liksi
nila sa katunayan ay kanilang nakuha trumpeta't, kombo,pusil at bandila.

English translation

On the Hills of the Red Soil There, they fought a battle The Americans were cornered,
surprised The captain became helpless.  The soldiers of our infantry showed their courage
and speed In fact they were able to confiscate their trumpets, drums, guns and flag

Titik at Musika: ELI J. OBLIGACION

May isang kahapong nagdaan Kasaysayang di malilimutan 'Sang kahapong di maiwawaksi
Diwang Pilipino'y naisilang.

May isang kahapong nagdaan Kasaysayang di mallimutan May kahapng di maitatanggi Ang
kahulugan ay Tagumpay ng Lahi.

Sa Pulang Lupa, kawal na bayani Gubat ay tinahak ng buong sidhi Ang mahal sa Buhay,
inalo't iniwan Nang ipagtanggol ang ating bayan.

Dito nga namuno si Kapitan Abad Kapitang namuno ng buong lakas At naging kasama si
Kang Alapaap Siya na mapusok at puso'y marahas.

Isang madaling araw Sa buwan ng Setyembre Sinagupa nila ang kaaway Sa gitna ng

(Mga Hiyaw/Mga putok ng  baril/riple/Mga Tambol/Simbal)

At dahan-dahang nagapi ang kaaway Kahit kay lakas pa ng dalang armas Ang dugo sa lupa,
na di na rin mahupa Ang nagbigay lakas sa kanila diwa.

At pagsapit ng hapon Naganap ang pag-urong 'Merikano'y tuluyang sumuko Sa gerilyerong

Labanan sa Pulang Lupa ay walang nakapigil At damdaming makabayan ay nagising Nang
di magpatuloy ang likong landas Ng dayuhang mapang-api

Di ko na malilimutan sa 'king isip Pulang Lupa ay hindi mawawaglit.

(Uulitin ang Koro hanggang sa "likong landas")

At sa oras na mangailangan ng Lakas ng puso at tapang pa Pulang Lupa's aawitin ko!
Aawitin ko! Aawitin ko!     

Words and Music: ELI J. OBLIGACION

There's a yesterday gone by With a story that couldn't be forgotten One yesterday that
couldn't disavowed be When the Filipino Spirit was born.

There's a yesterday gone by With a story that couldn't be forgotten A yesterday that coudn't
be denied For it spelled Victory for the Race.

At Pulang Lupa, our heroic soldiers Forests they trod with all their might Loved ones, they
comforted and left behind To defend our Land.

And there took charge Kapitan Abad A Kapitan who led with all strength And with him was
Kang Alapaap He who was fierce, and with a heart violent.

One break of day In the moon of September They attacked the enemy In the midst of the
mountain range.


And slowly, slowly defeated was the enemy Even with the stronger arms he held Blood
dropped aground and couldn't be stopped That gave strength to ther Spirit.

And then in the afternoon There transpired the retreat 'Mericans couldn't but surrender To
the guerrilla leader.

Battle at Pulang Lupa, none could stop it And the Spirit of Nationalism came out of sleep.
That the bent ways would cease Of the stranger oppressive.

No longer could I cast away from memory Pulang Lupa shall ne'er be lost.

(Repeat Refrain up to "bent ways would cease")

And when time comes that I shall need Strength of Heart and Courage Of Pulang Lupa I shall
sing! I shall sing! I shall sing!

Many thanks to Eli for providing this song and other information about
Pulang Lupa.  
Welcome to the history page of the Battle of Pulang Lupa.  On
this page I have combined the 1901 U.S. War Department's
Report of the Lieutenant General Commanding the Army, Andrew
Birtle's "The U.S. Army's Pacification of Marinduque"  American
newspapers, Captain Devereux Shields own report and
Marinduque historian Ramon M Madrigal account to give a more
integrated look at the battle.  Where possible I have included
photos of the participants.

Please visit the other links as the story of Pulang Lupa goes on
well after just the battle.
The Battle as covered in American Newspapers
NEWARK DAILY ADVOCATE. September 28  New Jersey

CAPTURE Of Capt. Shields and 51 men by Insurgents.  Washington, Sept. 28.
General Macarthur today cables reporting the probable capture by the insurgents of Captain Shields and 51
men of the 29th Volunteer infantry. His dispatch reads as follows: Manilla, Sept. 28.  Adjutant General,
Washington: Sept. 11, Captain Devereux Shields, 51 men, company F, 29th regiment U.S. V. Infantry, one
hospital corps man left Santa Cruz Marinduque by gunboat Villalobos for Torijos intending return overland
Santa Cruz. Have heard nothing since from Shields.  Scarcely doubt entire party captured with many killed,
wounded; Shields among latter; information sent by commanding officer Boac, dated Sept. 20, received
Sept. 24, consisted of rumors through natives. Yorktown and two gunboats George S. Anderson, colonel,
38th Volunteer; two companies 28th Volunteer infantry sent to Marinduque immediately. Anderson confirms
first report as to capture but unable, Sept. 27, to give details present whereabouts Shields, and party or
names killed and wounded. This information probably available soon. Anderson has orders commence
operation immediately and move relentlessly until Shields and party rescued. All troops expected soon.
Logan will be sent Marinduque if necessary clear up situation.

Final Fate of American Force Under Captain Shields Unknown.
Washington, Sept. 20.—The war department has received the following cablegram from General MacArthur,
dated Manila. Sept. 28- "Sept. 11.—Captain Devereux Shields, 51 men Company F, Twenty-ninth regiment,
United States volunteer infantry, one hospital corps man left Santa Cruz, Marinduque, by gunboat Villalobos
for Toriijos, intending to return overland to Santa Cruz. Have heard nothing since from Shields. Scarcely
doubt entire party captured, with many lulled and wounded, Shields among latter. Information sent by letter
from commanding officer at Boac, dated 20th, received Sept. 21, consisted of rumors through natives.
Yorktown and two gunboats, George S. Anderson, Colonel Thirty-eighth Volunteer infantry, two companies
Thirty-eight volunteer infantry sent Marinduque immediately.  Anderson confirms first report as to capture, but
unable Sept 27 to give details present whereabouts, Shields and party, names killed and wounded. This
information probably available soon.  

Anderson has orders to commence operations immediately and move relentlessly until Shields and party are
rescued. All troops expected soon.   Logan will be sent to Marinduque if necessary to clear up situation.

The Twenty-ninth infantry was recruited at Fort McPherson, Atlanta.  Captain Shields was lieutenant colonel
of the Second Mississippi during the Spanish war. He was made captain in the Twenty-ninth infantry July 5,
1899. He was a resident of Natchez, Miss, where his wife now resides.  

The scene of this latest reverse is a small island Iyjng due south of the southern coast of Luzon and about 300
miles from Manila.  Marinduque is about 24 miles in diameter and was commanded by two small
detachments of United States troops.  One of these was at Boac, on the west coast of the island and the
other was at Santa Cruz, the principal port on the north side.  Captain Shields appears to have started from
Santa Cruz on a gunboat for Torijjos a small coast port, and it is inferred that the boat, as well as the body of
troops under that officer has been captured for the dispatch makes no mention of their return.  

Americans Fought Until Ammunition Was Exhausted and Then Surrendered.  Manila via Hong
Kong, Oct. 2.
Persistent native reports, which are generally believed, have been current in Manila for several days to the
effect that Captain Shields and company F of the Twenty-ninth regiment of infantry, consisting of 54 men,
stationed at Boac, Marinduque Island, embarked Sept. I2 on the gunboat Villalobos and landed on the
Marinduque coast Sept.  14, where 300 of the enemy, armed with rifles, supposedly from Luzon, surprised
the Americans. The latter fought for several hours, until their ammunition was exhausted, after which the
Americans were overpowered and surrendered, relief being Impossible, after at least four of the soldiers had
been killed among them, according to reports, was Captain Shields. The Americans also had several
wounded.   Lieutenants Reeves and Bates of the staff, on board the gunboat Yorktown, left Manila Monday.
After gathering troops at Batangas they proceeded to Marinduque to verify the reports regarding the fate of
Captain Shields and his men, and, in case the native rumors were well founded, to punish the rebels and
release the captives. News from this expedition is awaited with some anxiety at Manila. In, the meanwhile the
censor prohibits the transmission of news concerning the affair.  Colonel Edward E. Hardin of the
Twenty-ninth regiment, who is now at Manila, admits it is possible that the native reports may be correct.
Idaho Daily Statesman, The | 1900-10-17

List of killed and wounded on the island of Marinduque
Washington Oct 16
Following is General Macarthur’s casualty list in Captain Shields' command on the island of Marinduque:
Killed—September 13, Twenty-ninth regiment United States Volunteer Infantry William Andrews, Elmer
Ruarare, Erwin Niles,   September 18 Frank Weighand Wounded September 13  Captain Devereux Shields
neck, mouth and shoulder, serious; Lieutenant S Colvin hip slight; Robert D. Jackson cheek slight; Oliver G.
Johnson head slight arm serious; John B. Pole head slight; John Chew head and wrist slight, shoulder
On 11 September, Shields decided to take advantage of a visit by the gunboat U.S.S. Villalobos. Leaving
Lieutenant Wilson and forty-one men to hold Santa Cruz, he loaded fifty-one enlisted men, a hospital
corps-man, and his black servant onto the gunboat and sailed to Torrijos, disembarking that evening. The
next day he had his first contact with insurgent forces since his company had been on the island,
dispersing a band of twenty guerrillas and destroying their cuartel.

On the thirteenth, Shields led his detachment into the mountains with the intention of returning to Santa
Cruz. Well informed about Shields's movements, Abad had concentrated nearly his entire force of
approximately 250 riflemen and 2,000 bolomen along a steep ridge overlooking the trail. Shields walked
right into the ambush. A fire fight ensued for several hours before Shields ordered a retreat into a covered
ravine. What began as a slow withdrawal quickly turned into a race down a rocky stream bed, as the
Americans scrambled to escape the pincers that were moving to surround them. After retreating for about
three and a half miles, the beleaguered detachment entered a rice field near the barrio of Massiquisie.
Here renewed enemy fire forced the Americans to take cover behind some paddy dikes. Shields fell
seriously wounded.

After ordering that a message be passed to the senior NGO, Sergeant James A. Gwynne, to lead the
command out of the closing trap, Shields raised a white flag to surrender himself and the other wounded.
The insurgents thought the flag meant that the command was surrendering. So too did Gwynne, who later
claimed never to have received the escape order, and thus the entire force lay down its arms. All told, the
Insurgents killed four Americans and captured fifty, six of whom, including Shields, were wounded. Shields
later claimed that the Filipinos lost thirty dead, though this number was never confirmed. After months of
hiding, Abad in a few short hours had destroyed nearly a third of the entire American garrison on
The Adjutant General,
Department of Southern Luzon,
Manila, P. I.


I have the honor, in compliance with the request of the Department Commander, to submit the following
report of an engagement with the enemy on Marinduque Island September 13th 1900.

On September 11th 1900, with fifty-one enlisted men of Company F, 29th Infantry, and one private of the
Hospital Corps, U.S. Army, I left my station at Santa Cruz at 12:30 p.m. on the U.S.S. “Villalobos” and
proceeded to Torrijos, a small town twenty-five miles distant, where we arrived at 3:30 p.m., disembarking
without opposition.

I spent the night at Torrijos and, on the morning of September 12th, made a reconnoissance some five or
six miles eastward over a mountain trail.  During this march we discovered a band of guerillas about twenty
strong at a distance of about one thousand yards upon whom I opened fire and advanced, on, but the
character of the country prevented a successful pursuit.  The guerillas did not return my fire although all
were well armed. Shortly after this I burned their garrison and a large quantity of rice, and finding letters and
other evidences of two American soldiers the insurgents had captured in a recent engagement with
Company A, 29th Infantry, I made an unsuccessful effort to locate them.

I then returned to Torrijos where I remained until 2:25 a.m. September 13th at which hour I took a mountain
trail leading to Santa Cruz with the intention of returning to my station. At 5:30 a.m. after a difficult and trying
march of three hours in the mountains, when about fourteen miles from Santa Cruz, my advance guard
discovered what was believed to be an insurgent outpost upon which they fired. The enemy proved to be
lying in ambush and immediately opened up a heavy fire from a position about three hundred yards above
and extending in an arc of about 180 o around us. Finding myself entirely surrounded and largely
outnumbered I took the best position available until I could select a safe retreat; I held this position for
about two hours during which time three privates were killed and two wounded slightly and myself wounded
in the left shoulder while two corporals had fallen out from heat prostration.

About 7:30 a.m. I ordered a slow retreat instructing Corporal McCarthy to bring up the rear, with the
disabled and wounded. I took a northeast course leading to the valley down a rocky gully well protected by
a light woods of small trees on each side. The banks of the gully afforded excellent protection from the
enemy’s fire. The enemy did not close in upon me after I gained this cover but continued to fire from a
distance. I replied to this fire whenever I could locate their position.

Shortly after beginning this retreat one private was wounded. At this time three of my men were dead and
seven missing, leaving my total strength at forty-two including the wounded and sick.

It was necessary to move cautiously and slowly so my flankers could keep informed of the enemy’s
movements, and the exhaustion of my men at onetime necessitated a halt of one hour when I made an
equal distribution of ammunition giving each man forty rounds.

Finding that the enemy was moving to the north to intercept my retreat to Santa Cruz and slowly closing in
on my right flank and rear, I was compelled to move rapidly. It now became necessary to march in a brook
which gradually increased in width and depth and ran over an extremely rocky bed, the retreat proved very
severe and it was with difficulty that I kept up being very weak from loss of blood.

Corporals McCarthy, Williams and Maxwell, and Privates Johnson, Weigand and Kraft were now some
distance in the rear leaving me thirty-six men one of whom had fallen and broken both arms and the
hospital private being armed with a revolver only left my effective strength at thirty-four.

After a retreat of about three and one-half miles we reached the valley where the water course widened
into a small stream. I then moved to the north through rice fields. This course lead directly to Massiquisie, a
small village about two miles distant; from which place I would have had a much better country to retreat
through. After I had proceeded about a quarter of a mile the enemy opened fire from entrenchments on the
left and from some small hills on my right flank to which I replied successfully diminishing their fire.

At this important moment I was again wounded the bullet passing through my neck and mouth. I fell forward
and a few moments later upon recovering consciousness and calling for assistance I was lifted out of the
water and borne about one hundred yards by Privates Ilitz, Hospital Corps, and Robert D. Jackson, Henry
McDaniel, Frederick Mass and Webster Cassell, Company F, 29th Infantry. An improvised litter was then
made by these men upon which I was carried a hundred yards farther. I told Sergeant Woodward, who
passed by me at this time, that they must cut their way through to Santa Cruz which he states he
immediately transmitted to Sergeant Gwynne, the ranking sergeant

Recognizing that I was an impediment to the column, I instructed my men to place me under cover of a rice
dyke. I then repeated to Private Ilitz the order I had given Sergeant Woodward telling him to send word to
the sergeant to take command and leave me on the field. I then instructed Ilitz to remain with me as my
wounds did not seem fatal and I believed the wounded who were now cut off would be captured and need
attention also.

As the enemy continued to fire upon me I instructed Ilitz to put up a flag of truce for our protection. For this
purpose he used a triangular bandage from a first aid package, but after two shots entered the dyke above
me and several passed through the flag I ordered it removed.

About this time Private Ilitz reported that Sergeant Gwynne reported that he was entirely surrounded and
wished to know what he should do. For the third time I ordered him to proceed to Santa Cruz. I was
growing weaker every moment from my last wound which had not been bandaged, lying on my back and
unable to move I was absolutely helpless.

About fifteen minutes after my last order the firing ceased and I heard the shouts of the enemy in great
numbers very near me. Soon I was told that the sergeant had surrendered and several of my men in the
hands of the enemy were marched by me. I was threatened with death by several of the enemy some of
whom began to rob me of my clothing and personal effects.

Nine of my men succeeded in cutting through the enemy’s lines and eight of them reached a swamp near
the sea shore but were captured about six o’clock in the afternoon. Private Shew who was in this party
received two slight bolo wounds and two severe bolo wounds. Private Poole, who in some way got
separated from this party, was captured the same afternoon after receiving two slight bolo wounds.

The total number who were surrendered by Sergeant Gwynne was twenty-seven men, himself included, at
about two o”clock in the afternoon.

Private Johnson who had been wounded early in the morning and was out off from the column was
captured September 15th after receiving a severe bolo wound in the left forearm.

Private Kraft who had been cut off from the column was captured about midnight September 14th after
getting within about five miles of Santa Cruz.

During the afternoon of September 13th the seven men who were missing united with Corporal McCarthy
making a total of eleven men. Private Weigand who was in this party was killed in the afternoon of
September 14th and the same evening the remaining ten men were captured.

The number of the enemy engaged I estimate from 225 to 250 armed with rifles and 2,000 armed with
bolos. The number of his killed counted by my men after capture was 30 though I believe he suffered a
heavier loss. I am unable to estimate the number of his wounded.

The enemy’s rifle-men were closely supported by his bolo-men and I could not reduce his fire as the rifles
of the killed and wounded were at once put back into action. The enemy was aggressive and maintained
good discipline throughout the engagement.

Recommendations for medals of honor will be made for the following-named men for bearing wounded
from the field under fire: Private Michael Ilitz, Hospital Corps, U.S.Army; and Privates Repard
B. Caswell, Robert D. Jackson, Frederick Mass, Henry McDaniel and Webster Cassell, Company F, 29th

Recommendations for certificates of merit will be made for the following-named men for exceptional
gallantry in action: Corporals Curtis E. Lowe and Thomas C. Williams, and Privates Juan B. Poole, Toliver
G. Johnson and John Shew, Company F, 29th Infantry.

The loss in killed and wounded is as follows:


Private     William R. Andrews         Company F, 29th Infantry, U.S.V.
“                Elmore E. Murray                        “                ”                “
“                Erwin Niles                                  “                 ”               “
“                Frank Weigand                           “                ”                “


Captain     Devereux Shields           Company F, 29th Infantry, U.S.V.
Private      Toliver G. Johnson                     "                "                  "       
”                 Livious S. Colvin                        "                "                   "
”                 Juan B. Poole                             "                "                  "
”                 John Shew                                  "                "                  "            
”                 Robert D. Jackson                     "                "                  "      

Very respectfully,

Devereux Shields

Captain 29th Infantry, U.S.Volunteers.
Lt. Col. Maximo Abad
Captain Devereux Shields
 Captain Shields Obituary


An Account of the Military Career of Captain Devereux Shields

He came of fighting stock and gave early indications of his inherited martial tastes and inclinations His appearance
and character – character revealing incidents – sad features connected with his death some weeks ago. During the
Philippine insurrection a decade ago the desultory warfare which was carried on by the American forces against the
insurgents under the command of Aguinaldo and other noted leaders, afforded few opportunities for American
soldiers to distinguish themselves by conspicuous gallantry or heroic self-sacrifice. Nevertheless, the Philippine
campaign, guerrila warfare as it was, added several names to the roster of American heroes; names of men whose
exploits will be related and whose eulogies will be written by future generations. Of those, who, by their conduct
during the Philippine campaign, placed their names upon the pages of future histories of America, none takes a
higher rank than does Capt. Devereux Shields, of Natchez.

A typical soldier: Capt. Shields was a typical soldier in appearance and character. Of the brunette type, when he
was young he was one of the handsomest men ever seen in Natchez, although in later years the sufferings from his
wounds robbed his features of much of their beauty. His character as revealed in his military life, his domestic
relations, and in his everyday association with his fellow men, was one that not only merited but compelled
admiration and respect. He was absolutely without fear, either of the weapons of his foes or of the more deadly
shafts of ridicule and slander to which every man of great moral force is subjected. He, in common with most brave
men, was gentle and kindly in his disposition, shrinking from inflicting pain upon any fellow creature however humble.
As an officer he demanded and received implicit obedience from his subordinates; but he was always thoughtful of
their comforts, treating them with every consideration compatible with the dignity of his position.

MARTIAL TASTES INHERITED. Captain Shields came of an heroic ancestry. Both his paternal and maternal
ancestors had fought their country’s battles on sea and on shore. His father, Lieutenant Commander Wilmer
Shields, served for seventeen years in the United States Navy. His grandfather, Richard Watts Ashton, ran away
from school at the age of thirteen, impelled to this act by his military instincts. Ashton served during the War of 1812
with distinction and afterward entered West Point where he graduated and served as Lieutenant of Marines for a
number of years. His paternal grandfather, Thos. Shields, of the navy, is mentioned in Cooper’s Naval History for
conspicuous gallantry under fire and valuable services rendered his country on the Great Lakes [instead of ‘on the
Great Lakes’ should have said ‘in the Battle of New Orleans,] during the War of 1812.

EARLY INDICATIONS: Even in his earliest childhood Captain Shields showed unmistakable evidences of the trend of
his inclinations. In the choice of the toys among which he spent the fleeting hours of his young boyhood; in the
books which appealed to his childish fancy; in the games which were the chief delight of his school days, and in
numberless other ways was revealed the gradual but unceasing development of his leaning toward things military
and his admiration for the warrior heroes of history. These things were but indications; yet they were convincing,
though faint, foreshadowings of the characteristics which were to dominate his life. From papers and records in the
posession of the family the News has compiled the account which follows of Capt. Shields Military experiences. The
story of the engagements of San Mateo and Torrijos, as told in this article is authentic and substantiated by reports
of the War Department and of the war correspondents stationed in the Philippines during the campaign. It will prove
of interest to all who are unfamiliar with the history of the soldier whose deeds they chronicle.

BIRTH AND EDUCATION. Captain Devereux Shields was born at Laurel Hill [Plantation], Miss., on the 28th day of
November 1869. [Actually born 24th day of April 1869] He was the second son of Lieutenant Commander Wilmer
Shields, of the United States Navy, and of Mrs. Julia Ashton Shields, a descendant of one of the most prominent
Southern families. Captain Shields’ martial tastes received the greatest encouragement during his residence at the
University of the South at Sewanee, Tenn., which at that time had a Government military instructor; and there, his
natural bent fostered and developed by his instructions and associations, he gained the fundamental principles of
that intimate knowledge of military strategy and tactics which enabled him in after years to act with promptitude and
decision during the various exigencies of the battle field. After his graduation from the University of the South,
Captain Shields returned to Natchez, deeply versed in military lore as well as in the more academic branches of
learning taught in that institution. Shortly after his return he was unanimously chosen captain of the Natchez Rifles.
His wide acquaintance with military affairs soon gained for him such prominence in the military affairs of the states
that he received the appointment of Lieutenant Colonel in the National Guard; a position rarely attained by one of
his youth.

RECEIVES COMMISSION: When the long list of atrocities committed by Spanish governors in Cuba became such as
was viewed with disgust by civilized nations and the tragedy of the Maine Precipitated war between Spain and the
United States, Colonel Shields immediately proffered his services to the government and was given a commission of
Lieutenant Colonel in the Second Mississippi United States Volunteer Regiment. He had no opportunity, however,
during the brief struggle which resulted in the overthrow of Spanish dominion in the island of Cuba, of testing in
actual warfare the stores of military knowledge, the possession of which had gained for him his commission. His
regiment was stationed at Jacksonville, being a part of the division under the command of General Fitzhugh Lee. At
the close of the war he was mustered out at Columbia, Tenn., and returned to his home in Natchez.

SAILS FOR MANILA: Some months after the conclusion of the Spanish War the United States government issued a
call for Volunteers for service in the Philippine Islands, where the noted insurgent Aguinaldo was conducting a
species of guerrila warfare, and endangering the lives of Americans and other Caucasian races in the islands. Capt.
Shields immediately responded to the call and applied for a commission. Upon the recommendation of many officers
of high rank who had been impressed by the profound knowledge of military strategy shown by the young soldier
during his encampment at Jacksonville, he was given a commission as captain in the twenty-ninth regiment, U.S.A.
He received the commission on the fifth of July 1899, and on the fifth of October his regiment sailed from San
Francisco on board the transport Zelandia, arriving in the Philippines just in time to participate in the battle of San
Mateo in which Gen. Lawton was killed.

HIS FIRST BATTLE: He fought in this engagement with great gallantry, winning the commendation of his ranking
officers. The reports of this battle state that Capt. Shields acted with conspicuous bravery, using to advantage his
military knowledge; and by the skillfully directed volley firing of his company smothered the fire of the entrenched
Filipinos, opening the way for the charge which changed the fortunes of the day and resulted in the capture of the
Philippine entrenchments.

EXECUTIVE ABILITY: After the battle of San Mateo he was appointed governor of the island of Corregidor. Six
months he remained on Corregidor, administering the affairs of the island with a success that gained for him the
highest commendations from his superior officers, to whom his executive ability was as surprising as it was gratifying.

SENT TO MARINDUQUE: On June 1, 1900 he was detailed with his company to take charge of the island of
Marinduque, one of the most turbulent of the islands of the Philippine archipelago. Marinduque is a small island 200
miles south of Manila and its inhabitants were noted for the resolution with which they opposed American
occupation. On this island he remained up to the time of the engagement in which he was captured in which he
received wounds [which made necessary] his return to Natchez.

DOUBT AND ALARM: No words can portray the degree of apprehension with which the relatives and friends in
Natchez of the gallant officer heard that he had been kiled or captured. His wife and his mother were on the verge of
prostration, alternating between hope and despair; awaiting anxiously the news from the islands which would
announce his fate. Weeks elapsed before any definite information was received. When a telegram received by the
New Orleans Times-Democrat and forwarded to Mrs. Shields in Natchez conveyed the glad intelligence that Capt.
Shields was alive and that he had been rescued, all Natchez breathed a sigh of relief and thankfulness. It was not,
however, until the return of Captain Shields to Natchez that his freinds learned the complete particulars of the
engagement that so nearly cost him his life.

THE FATAL EXPEDITION: Shortly before noon on the eleventh of September Captain Shields and his men left Santa
Cruz, Marinduque, on board the gunboat Villabois, intending to return overland to Santa Cruz. At about three o’clock
in the afternoon of the same day the men and their gallant commanding officer reached their destination, Torrijos.
Landing without opposition the detachment went into quarters for the night. On the following day Captain Shields
made a reconnoitering sortie in a westerly direction and about five miles from Torrijos came upon a rebel garrison.
The fire of the Americans forced the enemy to flight, the fleet-footed Filipinos dispersing into the underbrush where
it was impossible for the Americans to pursue them. Among the papers left by the fugitive garrison Captain Shields
found letters from two prisoners. Nothing better illustrates the noble character of Captain Shields than the incident
that followed, for it was in the endeavor to rescue these two prisoners that Captain Shields so nearly lost his life and
was captured. Fully cognizant of the danger of his course but determined to exert every effort to save the two
soldiers who had fallen into the hands of the merciless Filipinos, Captain Shields and his men started out on the next
day in search of the two men.

THE AMBUSCADE: The company was ambushed that afternoon. Seemingly from every point of the compass came a
hurricane of lead from myriads of unseen enemies. In good order the detachment deployed in a circle and
commenced a heroic defense. The enemy proved stubborn, advancing in hosts upon the small but intrepid band of
Americans. Hundreds of the raging Filipinos, banishing their weapons with yells of rage, swarmed out of the
ambuscade. The hundreds developed into thousands until a conservative estimate of their number placed it at
about two thousand five hundred men. Surrounded by merciless foes, out numbered fifty to one, the undaunted
Americans, inspired by the fearless conduct of their commander kept their foes at bay for over eight hours, their
ammunition supply, small to begin with, running lower and lower. The enemy learning from the diminishing fire of the
Americans the lack of ammunition became bolder and pressed on more furiously.

SHIELDS WOUNDED: Early in the battle Captain Shields received a wound in the shoulder but rallied and bravely
urged on his command. Shortly before the ammunition was entirely exhausted he received a terrible wound in the
neck which incapacitated him from further participation in the hopeless struggle. The command devolved upon
Sergeant Winn who gallantly carried on the futile struggle against overwhelming odds. Captain Shields’ second
wound came near to inflicting instant death. The ball entered the back of the neck nearly grazing the spinal column,
passed through the throat and mouth knocking out four teeth, and breaking the jaw bone passed out through the
cheek. The gallant officer fell partly in a small stream and his life was probably due to this circumstance; the cold
water partly resuscitated him, restoring him to consciousness.

HIS UNSELFISHNESS. Even in his terribly wounded condition Captain Shields displayed the noble unselfishness
which characterized his life. To the men who came to his aid he remonstrated, commanding them, with as much
emphasis as he could in his condition, to leave him to his fate and save themselves. Displaying a nobility that vied
with that of Captain Shields himself, the brave men refused to obey the behest and stayed beside their helpless
commander until overcome by overwhelming odds. This engagement is considered by military authorities to be the
most brilliant of the numerous battles of the Philippine War.

WEEKS OF SUFFERING: The capture of Captain Shields and his men was followed by four weeks of suffering such
as could only be appreciated by men who have gone through similar experiences. Marched relentlessly over steep
cliffs, down valleys, through underbrush and almost impenetrable jungles they were shown no mercy by their
barbarous captors. Night and day they were compelled to march, strong and wounded alike, with no food other than
the small quantities of rice doled out to them at irregular intervals. During the latter days of their captivity the food
which the unfortunate prisoners received was hardly sufficient to keep body and soul together. An unembellished
recital of their sufferings during the four weeks before they were rescued reads almost like fiction.

RESCUED: When they were finally rescued by the regiment sent to search for them they were almost dead with
fatigue and hunger, so thin and emaciated as hardly to be recognized by their intimate friends. The sufferings of the
wounded during captivity would have been unendurable but for the devoted and unintermitting attentions of the
hospital corps man who formed a member of the attachment and whose devotion to Captain Shields during his long
weakness is one of the brightest incidents of the Philippine War.

INVALIDED HOME: After in some measure regaining his strength in Manila, whither he was taken after being
rescued, Captain Shields was invalided home. During his illness in Manila he bore always in mind the anxiety of his
friends at home and especially of his wife and his mother, keeping them informed in regard to his progress as well
as circumstances would permit.

HIS RECEPTION: The reception given Captain Shields upon his return to Natchez was the greatest ever tendered a
man by this city. The citizens of Natchez, in a body, assembled in the Temple Opera House and about its doors
awaiting to welcome the returning hero and to congratulate him upon his return to life and health.

HIS SAD DEATH: The recent death of Captain Shields was replete with saddening features. He was still quite a
young man, and had he been spared to complete the splendid promise of his nature and character he might have
performed services for his country and his fellowmen which would have eclipsed his achievements, brilliant though
they were, in the American insular campaign. But such was not Heaven’s decree. Capt. Shields never entirely
recovered from the terrible wounds received in the battle of Torrijos. His shattered health continued to grow worse
from the time of his return home to the hour when the gallant soldier breathed his last. Great in heart as in brain
Capt. Shields was broken in spirit by the tragic death some years ago of his wife, Mrs. Julia Jenkins Shields, whose
unwavering affection had been his greatest incentive to worthy and sustained effort in every task to which his duty
called him. The marriage of Capt. Devereux Shields and Miss Julia Dunbar Jenkins was one of those ideal unions
which are, alas, too rare in this imperfect world. Capt. Shields’ death was hastened by the loss of his wife. He never
recovered from the blow given him by the fatal termination of their happy wedded life; and the knowledge that they
were soon to be reunited robbed death of all its dread. ~~~~~~~~~~~~
Bugarin          Camantique             Malajacon                Rogue
                 Marinduque Revolutionary Forces
From the article Marinduque - It's Role in the Wars for
Independence by Ramon M Madrigal
Sketch of the Battle of Pulang Lupa as told by Captain Shields
Order of Battle

Philippine Forces under command of Colonel Maximo Abad

1st Guerrillia Unit  from Gasan
2nd Guerrilia Unit from Boac & Mogpog (not initially involved in the battle, had been deployed
near Santa Cruz to cut off any U.S. drive towards Pulang Lupa)
3rd Guerrilla Unit from Santa Cruz
4th Guerrilla Unit from Torrijos

1 - Colonel
3 - Captains
2 - 1st Lieutenant
9 - 2nd Lieutenants
500 men minus the 125 men of the 2nd Guerrilla Unit

These 4 units were formed on May 6th 1900 by Colonel Maximo Abad from the original
Infantry Battalion which had been transformed into two Infantry Companies in February 1899.

80 Mausers
50 Remington guns
6 rifles
4 shotguns
30 mini guns
2 captured Krag Rifles

Militia Battalion
1 - Major
5 - Captains
5 - 1st Lieutenants
10 - 2nd Lieutenants
500 men – minus those still at outposts

The Militia Battalion was organized in 1898 by the Spanish Governor Augustin and later
defected to Aguinaldo.  The Militia men were assigned to do sentinel work.  It is not recorded
as to the amount of guns that the Militia had at their disposal but had to be considerably less
than the Infantry units which got the bulk of firearms.

American Forces under the command of Captain Devereux Shields

29th Infantry, Company F, U.S. Volunteers
1 – Captain
2 – Sergeants
3 – Corporals
46 – Privates
1 – Hospital Corpsman (Private)
1 – Servant Unarmed
51 Krag Rifles
3 pistols
400 rounds @ mid battle

Killed and wounded is as follows:


Private     William R. Andrews         Company F, 29th Infantry, U.S.V.
“                Elmore E. Murray                        “                ”                “
“                Erwin Niles                                  “                 ”               “
“                Frank Weigand                           “                ”                “


Captain     Devereux Shields           Company F, 29th Infantry, U.S.V.
Private      Toliver G. Johnson                     "                "                  "       
”                 Livious S. Colvin                        "                "                   "
”                 Juan B. Poole                             "                "                  "
”                 John Shew                                  "                "                  "            
”                 Robert D. Jackson                     "                "                  "      

Early September 1900

Chief of the Revolutionary Force in Marinduque, Colonel Maximo Abad moves the
Revolutionary Force to Pulang Lupa.  He has men from the 1st, 3rd and 4th  
Guerrilla units there.  He places his Militia Battalion in all directions, arranged in
groups at strategic points around the mountains acting as sentinels.   Abad places
the 2nd Guerrilla unit at the Barrio of Balagasan expecting an American attack from
Santa Cruz.

September 11

12:30 P.M. - Captain Shields and 52 men of Company F of the 29th U.S.
Volunteers take the gunboat U.S.S. Villalobos from Santa Cruz to Torrijos.

3:30 P.M. – They arrive in Torrijos.

September 12

Morning – Five miles from Torrijos on a mountain trail, Shields has his first contact
with one of Abad’s outposts. He disperses twenty guerrillas, capturing and
wounding none.  Shields finds written evidence that the American soldiers the
insurgents had captured in a recent engagement with Company A, 29th Infantry
may have been with the group.  Shields does not follow the guerrillas but returns to

September 13

2:25 A.M.  Shields breaks camp and leaves Torrijos by foot with the intention of
returning to Santa Cruz.   Shields takes a mountain trail to the Northeast of town.
One of the Militia outposts notices the departure and the word is passed up the
trail to Abad.

3:30 A.M. Abad begins to deploy his men along the hillside in preparation for an
ambush.  Militia outposts are called back.

5:30 A.M. – Shields approaches the top of the hill and is fired upon from above the
trail by the 1st Guerrilla Units.  The Battle of Pulang Lupa has started.   Shields is
forced downwards off the trail, takes cover and fires back.  

6:00 A.M. – The 3nd and 4th Guerrilla Units start firing from both sides of Shields’
position on the hill.  Bolomen of the Militia make a 180 degree run between all three
Guerrilla Units shouting and yelling to confuse Shields into thinking there is a much
larger force in the hills.  Despite attempts by Shields to charge back up the hill, he
has to fall back.  Sometime during the early part of the battle, Shields would report
that three privates were killed and two wounded slightly and he was wounded in
the left shoulder while two corporals had fallen out from heat prostration.

7:30 A.M. - Shields orders a slow retreat from the hill leading to the valley down a
rocky gully.  Abad’s forces do not close in on Shields but follow and harass him
with gunfire.

8:00 A.M. - Another private was wounded. Shields lists three men were dead and
seven missing, leaving his total strength at forty-two including the wounded and sick.

10:00 A.M.  Exhaustion of Shields’ men necessitate a half hour halt.  Equal
distribution of remaining ammunition gives each man forty rounds.

12:00 P.M. - Shields reaches the valley floor and moves North via a small stream
through the rice fields intending to reach Massiquisie. He was weak from loss of
blood, and his men are scattered in front and in back of him.   Abad’s three
Guerrilla Units and the Militia forces which had followed Shields down the hill now
start flanking maneuvers.

12:15 P.M. - After proceeding a quarter of a mile in the stream bed, on his right
flank, Shields was again wounded. The bullet passed through his neck and mouth.
He falls into the stream unconsciousness. He is lifted out of the water and moved
about two hundred yards further along the stream bed.

12:45 P.M. – Shields, after regaining consciousness, orders Sergeant Woodward
to cut their way through to Santa Cruz.  Woodard transmits this order to Sergeant
Gwynne, the ranking sergeant.

1:00 P.M. - Shields instructs his men to place him under cover of a rice dyke. He
repeats the order he had given to Sergeant Woodard to Private Ilitz telling him to
send word to the sergeant to take command and leave Shields in the field.

1:30 P.M. - Shields orders Private Ilitz to put up a flag of truce but removes it after
firing continues.   

1:45 P.M. - Sergeant Gwynne reports he was entirely surrounded.

2:00 P.M. - The firing stops.  Shields is informed that Gwynne had surrendered.  
Shields is captured as well as most of his company.

4:00 P.M. - Private Poole, who in some way got separated from others, is
captured  after receiving two slight bolo wounds.

6:00 P.M. - Eight of the men who succeeded in cutting through the lines reached a
swamp near the sea shore but are captured.

September 14th

Midnight - Private Kraft who had been cut off from the column was captured after
getting within about five miles of Santa Cruz.

Private Weigand is killed sometime during the day and in the evening a group of
additional ten men were captured.

Late afternoon in Santa Cruz, Lt. Wilson who had been left in charge by Shields,
alarmed by threatening attitude of the natives, transfers his men and supplies to the
church in Santa Cruz.  (Lt. Wilson had no idea of the battle at Pulang Lupa).  
Members of the Militia take positions in the hills surrounding Santa Cruz and harass
the Americans with gunfire when possible.

September 15th

Private Johnson who had been wounded early in the morning  of the 13th and was
cut off from the column was captured after receiving a severe bolo wound in the
left forearm.

9:30 P.M. - A fire is discovered in at one of the commissary storehouses at Santa
Cruz.  The fire consumes all but two buildings be used by the 29th.  About 15,000
lbs of bacon and other supplies are destroyed.

10:30 P.M. The Presidente of Santa Cruz (who had been friendly to the Americans)
is assassinated in the main street not far from the church.  His 15 year old son who
was wounded was rescued by the troops.

September 20th   

Lt. Wilson in Santa Cruz finally hears of the Battle of Pulang Lupa