The Philippine Islands 1493-1803
Below is Marinduque as found in the 55 volumes translated from
the originals and edited and annotated by Emma Helen Blair and
James Alexander Robertson. These volumes are described as the
explorations by early navigators, descriptions of the islands and
their peoples, their history and records of the Catholic missions,
as related in contemporaneous books and manuscripts, showing
the political, economic, commercial and religious conditions of
those islands from their earliest relations with European nations
to the beginning of the nineteenth century
Volume 8

page 140

Marinduque: Poyatos - The island of Marinduque, belonging to
Captain Poyatos, has seven hundred tributarios, or two
thousand eight hundred persons.  It has justice, and needs one
minister so that the people may be instructed
Volume 12

1601 - 1604 Chirino's Relation

pages 251 - 252

Upon my arrival in the Filipinas, in the later part of May in the
year fifteen hundred and ninety, I had landed at the island of
Marinduque (which is about twenty-eight or thirty leguas from
Manila), at a time when an ensign with a squad of soldiers was
going, through curiosity, to visit the interior of the island.  
Night overtaking him in this place, he was obliged to seek which
they bestowed on him and his companions was to offer him two
women.  These the good ensign ordered to be sent back, and he
pointed out the offense that they were committing against God,
the almighty Creator of heaven and earth, whom all men
should know and serve.  He told them that for this purpose
alone the Spaniards had come from so great a distance; and
that they must not offend God by their evil example.  It was
thus that the good ensign conducted himself on that occasion
Volume 34

1280 -1605 Augustinian Memoranda

page 277

Item:  Because the natives killed Mena and three others who
asked them for tributes, in the island of Marinduc (i.e.,
Marinduque), Captain Luis de la Haya went by the governor's
orders and that of all the Council of War and destroyed the
islands of Banton and Malindus (i.e., Marinduque) and also that
of Guimbar.
Volume 39

Events in Filipinas, 1686-88 Diary of new events in Filipinas
from June 1686 to June 1687

page 132

Footnote 33: Jacinto Garcia was born in Castellar, November
6, 1654 and at the age of twenty-one entered the Jesuit order.
 Four years later he joined the Philippine mission; he was
procurator of the Manila college for three years, and superior
in Marinduque for the same time.  He died at Manila, May 1

page 142

On the same day, the fourteenth (May) Licentitate Don
Antonio Roberto was brought a prisoner from Marinduque; and
they placed him in the provisor's house with a pair of heavy
Volume 28

1637-1638 Jesuit Missions in 1656

page 87

Island of Marinduque

There are two religious in this island, and about four hundred
and fifty tributarios.  There are still some Indians in the
mountains to be subdued.  In the year one thousand six
hundred and twenty-five, a priest died most gloriously in that
mission at the hands of the heathen. [32]  The island is about
three leguas distant from the shores of the island of Manila,
opposite Tayauas.  It is about three leguas in diameter, and
about eight or nine in circumference.  The products in which
the tribute is paid are rice, pitch, palm-oil, and abaca - which is
a kind of hemp, from which the best rope and some textiles are
made.  There is a good port in the island where a galleon was
built in the time of Governor Don Juan de Silva. [33]

Footnote 32:  This was the protomartyr of the Society of Jesus
in the Philippines, Juan de las Misas, who met his death in last
part of November, 1624 (not 1625).  He was a fluent preacher
in the Tagal tongue, and entered the Society in the Philippines.  
When returning from Tayabas to Marinduque he was met by
some hostile Camucones and killed by a shot from an arquebus,
after which he was beheaded, in fulfilment of a vow to Mahomet.

Footnote 33:  This was the galleon "San Marcos"
Volume 48

1751-1765 Moro Raids Repulsed

Page 47 and 48

In the month of May of the same year, (1754) four joangas
made port at the island of Marinduque, with more than two
thousand Moros, and for a week they besieged the little fort of
the village of Gazang, which was defended by it natives from
repeated assaults, under the judicious management of the
courageous father minister; and the Mahometans, not
carrying out their depraved intentions, smothered their fury,
ravaging and sacking whatever they found outside the
precincts of the said fort.  During the continual fighting of
those days, the Moros had more than ninety killed, and many
more were wounded; while on our side there was no more
than one killed and another one wounded.  
Volume 44

1700-1736 Jesuit Missions

page 40
The mission of Bondoc gained such repute in the island of
Marinduque, distant more than forty leguas from Manila, that
its minister, who was a zealous cleric, wrote to the father
rector at Manila asking him very humbly and urgently to send
there a mission from which he was expecting abundant fruit.  
So earnest were the entreaties of this fervent minister that a
mission was sent to the said island; it had the results which
were expected, and afterward the Society was commissioned
with its administration.  

page 41 - 42

The island of Malindig - named thus on account of a high
mountain that is in it, and which the Spaniards call Marinduque
- is more than forty leguas from Manila, extends north and
south, and is in the course which is taken by the galleons on
the Nueva Espana trade-route.  There Ours carried on a
mission with much gain, at the instance of its zealous paster,
who was a cleric; and in the year 1622 this island was
transferred to the Society by his illustrious Lordship Don Fray
Miguel Garcia Serrano, the archbishop of Manila, who was
satisfied by the care with which the Society administers its
charges, and desirous that his sheep should have the spiritual
nourishment that is necessary for their souls - for it was
exceedingly difficult for him always to find a secular priest to
station there, on account of the distance from Manila, the
difficulty of administering that charge, and the loneliness which
one suffers there.  The Society gladly overcame these
difficulties for the sake of the spiritual fruit which could be
gathered among those Indians; and our ministers applying
themselves to the cultivation [of that field] went about among
those rugged mountains - from which they brought out some
heathens, and others who were Christian, but who were living
like heathen, without any spiritual direction.  They baptized the
heathens and instructed the Christians; and, in order that the
results might be permanent, Ours gradually settled them in
villages which they formed; there are three of these, Bovac,
Santa Cruz, and Gasan, and formerly there was a vista in
Mahanguin.  The language spoken there is generally the
Tagalog, although in various places there is a mixture of
Visayan, and of some words peculiar to the island.  God chose
to prove those people by a sort of epidemic, of which many
dies; and the fathers not only gave them spiritual assistance,
but provided the poor with food, and treated the sick.  This
trouble obliged them to resort for aid to the Empress of
Heaven, to whom they offered a fiesta under the title of the
Immaculate Conception, during the week before Christmas,
with great devotion; and the Virgin responded to them by
aiding them in their troubles and necessities.

In Marinduque Ours labored very fervently to reduce the
Christians to a Christian and civilized mode of life; and among
the them was abolished an abuse which was deeply rooted in
that island - which was, that creditors employed their debtors
almost as if they were slaves, without the debtor's service ever
diminishing the debt.  The wild Indians were reduced to
settlement; among them were some persons who for thirty
years had not received the sacraments of penance and

page 45 - 46

In Marinduque Father Domingo de Penalver had just induced
some hamlets of wild Indians to settle down; he traveled
through the bed of the river, getting his clothing wet,
stumbling frequently over the stones, and often falling in the
water.  He went to take shelter in a hut, where there were so
many and so fierce mosquitoes, that he remained awake all
night, without being able to rid himself of the insects,
notwithstanding all his efforts.  He reaced a hill so inaccessible
that it was necessary that some Indians, going ahead and
ascending by grasping the roots [of trees], should draw them
all up the ascent with bejucos.  There he set up a shed, where,
preaching to them morning and afternoon, he prepared them
for confession, and persuaded them to go down and settle in
one place, as actually the did, to live as Christians.   For the
lack of laborers, the Society resigned the district of Bondoc and
several visitas, although Ours wnet there at various times on
missionary trips.

page 75

One of the fathers went back to Marinduque, where he found
other troubles no less grievous than those which had gone
before; for the Camucones had robbed the church, ravaged the
grain-fields, captured some Indians, and caused the rest to flee
to the hills.  The father felt deep compassion for them, and at
the cost of much toil he again assembled the Indians and
brought them back to their villages.
Volume 18

1617-1620  Ships and Shipbuilding

pages 173-174

The shipyards of the galleons built dueing Don Juan de Silva's
term were thirty, forty, fifity, sixty, seventy, and eighty leguas
for the city of Manila, in differnt palces: namely on the island of
Marinduque, where the galleon "San Juan Bautista" was built,
which is forty leguas from Manila.

In Marinduque was built the almiranta "San Marcos," forty
leguas from Manila.
Volume 36

Jesuit Missions in 1655

page 54

There are two fathers in four settlements of the island of
Marinduque, namely, Fathers Luis Pimentel and Juan de Espinosa

Recollect Missions  1651

page 119

Venerable and devout father-provincial of the Augustian
Recollects of the Philipinas Islands: It has been learned in my
Royal Council of the Indias from letters of the royal Audiencia
resident in the city of Manila that, in virtue of a resloution taken
by the council of war and treasury of those islands, certain
strong churches in the islands were ordered to be demolished,
such as those of Abucay, Marinduque, and Caragha, so that they
mioght not be seized by the enemy, as those edifices were a
notorious menace and peril to the islands after the Dutch
attaked Cavite.
Volume 50

1764-1800 Expulsion of the Jesuits

page 295

"Sire:  As soon as I read, pressed to my lips, and placed on my
head the respective royal letter of your Majesty giving order
relative to the expulsion of the Jesuits who were settled in all
the domains of the your Majesty, and the seizure of their goods,
I employed the means that occurred to my loyalty and zeal for
the accomplishment and fulfilment of the important business.  
In consequence, there are sailing as passengers on the ship
named "San Carlos Borromeo" sixty-four individuals, including
the principal Jesuits of the mainland [of Luzon] and the island of
Marinduque; and for the removal of a like number of
missionaries from Bisayas Islands four vessels are employed.  
Meantime I have the aid of the other holy religious orders in
occupying temporarily the ministries there - as I fully informed
your Majesty in greater detail through Conde de Aranda.  May
our Lord preserve the royal Catholic person of your Majesty, as
these remote regions need.  Manila, July 23, 1768.  Sire [I kiss]
your Majesty's royal feet.
Don Joseph Raon
Volume 5

1582-1583  Relation by Loarca

page 101

Island of Marinduque.  Between the island of Banton and that of
Lucon, four leagues from the former and five from the later, lies
the island of Marinduque.  It is about twenty-six leagues in
circumference, and eight leagues wide, and contains in about
one thousand men.  Capul and this island are under the charge
of one encomendero.  The Indians are Pintados, although under
the jurisdiction of neither Cubu, Arevalo, nor Camarines.
Volume 17

Relation of events in the Filipinas during 1609 and 1610 by
Father Gregorio Lopez

page 111

The governor upon learning of the loss of this galley , had
another put on the stocks, which was finished in two months.  
Seeing how leisurely the Dutch were remaining in this country,
he began to prepare a fleet to attack them.  For that purpose
great haste was given to finishing a vessel called "San Juan
Baptista," which had been commenced in the island of